Alexandru Philippide

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Philippide, Alexandru


Born Apr. 1, 1900, in Iaşi. Rumanian poet, essayist, and critic. Academician of the Rumanian Academy (1963).

Philippide studied law in Germany and France. He first published his works in 1919. His published writings include the poetry collection Barren Gold (1922), Cliffs Struck by Lightning (1930), and Dreams in the Rumble of Time (1939). In the 1930’s and 1940’s, Philippide wrote literary criticism. After the liberation of Rumania from fascism in 1944, he translated numerous Russian, German, and French literary works. His poetry collection Monologue in Babylon was published in 1967.

Philippide is a representative of philosophical lyricism in Rumanian poetry. His critical essays were collected and published in The Writer and His Art (1968) and European Cardinal Points: A Romantic Horizon (1973).


Petroveanu, M. Studii literare. [Bucharest] 1966.
Toma, Pavel. Preface to Philippide’s Visuri în vuietul vremii. Bucharest, 1969.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1, Caraion & Ierunca 1947; 1026 exemplars; contributions by Tudor Arghezi, Ion Barbu, Lucian Blaga, Geo Bogza, Andre Breton, Ion Caraion, Paul Celan, Cervantes, Petru Comarnescu, Robert Desnos, Mihai Eminescu, Sergey Iessenin, Zoltan Franyo, Benjamin Fondane, Jean Laforgue, Henri Michaux, Eugenio Montale, Christian Morgenstern, Alexandru Philippide, Alexander Puschkin, Salvatore Quasimodo, R.
After he asked, in the same year, Alfred Margul-Sperber whether he could give him any news on Maria Banus or on Alexandru Philippide, on 12 December 1962 Celan made to the same former mentor from Bucharest a confession which constitutes a genuine poetological axiom out of which the synthesis transpires of elements of intertextuality and cross-cultural dimension, to which we referred in detail in our doctoral thesis defended at Leipzig University in 1977-an aspect then approached for the first time in an indepth research in Celan studies.
the poets writing in German Alfred Margul-Sperber, Alfred Kittner, Immanuel Weissglas, Moses Rosenkranz and others, as well as with the great interwar Romanian classical poets Tudor Arghezi, Lucian Blaga and Alexandru Philippide, a series of imaginative and metaphoric impulses, his appetence for the modernity of poetic expression, his acute sense of the verb, of the letter, his insight into the deep meanings of human existence.