Alexius von Meinong

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Meinong, Alexius von


Born July 17, 1853, in Lemberg, present-day L’vov; died Nov. 27, 1920, in Graz, Austria. Austrian idealist philosopher and psychologist.

In 1882, Meinong became a professor at the University of Graz, where in 1894 he founded the first laboratory for experimental psychology in Austria. Meinong’s philosophy is a variation of neorealism. Taking as his starting point the philosophy of D. Hume and of his teacher F. Brentano, Meinong developed the idealist theory of objects, which conceives of an object not as a material entity but as an emotional presentation. Moreover, in his view the nature of the object is irrelevant: whether it is a real thing or an ideal relation, for example, the concepts of similarity and difference. An item becomes an object only in the act of cognition. This thesis of Meinong’s was later expanded in the theory of intentionality of the German philosopher E. Husserl. But in contrast to Husserl’s phenomenology, Meinong recognized objects as having logical primacy over acts of consciousness. Meinong also developed a general theory of values. His ideas influenced the development of neopositivism, especially the early work of B. Russell.


Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie. Leipzig, 1904.
Über die Stellung der Gegenstandstheorie im System der Wissenschaften. Leipzig, 1907.
Über Möglichkeit und Wahrscheinlichkeit. Leipzig, 1915.
Zur Grundlegung der allgemeinen Werttheorie. Graz, 1923.
Über Annahmen. 3rd ed. Leipzig, 1928.
Gesamtausgabe, vol. 1. Graz, 1969.


Tegen, E. A. von Meinong. Lund, 1935.
Meinong Gedenkschrift. Graz, 1952.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ahora el oponente de Grossmann es el Alexius Meinong de Los estudios sobre Hume I.
Logical, Ontological, and Historical Contributions on the Philosophy of Alexius Meinong
Thereafter, among continental philosophers, phenomenology and in general descriptive psychology emerges, all influenced by these earlier critical standpoints with respect to metaphysics and through the efforts of such thinkers as Franz Brentano, Edmund Husserl and Alexius Meinong. A wonderful discussion of these developments can be found in Peter Simon's contribution (Chapter 11, 'To Be and/or Not to Be: The Objects of Meinong and Husserl'), an essay that highlights, in particular, the distinction between Husserl and Meinong regarding the analysis of the nature of objects.
Swanson (Vancouver Island U., Canada) examines the philosophies of Alexius Meinong (1853-1920) and Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) regarding the issue of whether it is possible to speak of nonexistent objects, "such as the round square, the golden mountain, and Sherlock Holmes," and connected sub-issues, such as what can have properties and how claims are true.
Influenced by anthropologist Franz Boas, sociologist Georg Simmel, American pragmatists John Dewey and William James, the value philosophies of Alexius Meinong and Josiah Royce, and W.
In course of the development of Bolzano's views, they are contrasted with the better known theory of his compatriot Alexius Meinong, and it is shown that they have a modern counterpart in the accounts of merely possible objects that were developed by Bernard Linsky and Ed Zalta, and by Timothy Williamson.
Alexius Meinong (1853-1920) was an Austrian philosopher originally associated with Franz Brentano, who later developed the famous theory of objects by which he is universally known.
According to Alexius Meinong and neo-Meinongians, the domain of objects outstrips the domain of existing objects.
It has been said that Bertrand Russell's main objections to Alexius Meinong's philosophy were respectful rather than directive.
--De Alexius Meinong, la traduccion al ingles de un articulo en el que el autor resume su teoria a proposito de lo queen "Tlon" figura como "el mundo subsistente de Meinong".