Zhores Alferov

(redirected from Alferov)

Alferov, Zhores Ivanovich


Born Mar. 15, 1930, in Vitebsk. Soviet physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1965.

Upon graduating from the Leningrad Electrical Engineering Institute in 1952, Alferov joined the staff of the Physicotechnical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, where he still holds a position. He was named a professor at the Leningrad Electrical Engineering Institute in 1972.

Alferov’s principal works have dealt with the study of hetero-junctions in semiconductors and with the development of hetero-junction devices. He discovered the phenomenon of “superinjection” in heterostructures and advanced a theory for the use of heterostructures in semiconductor electronics.

Alferov received the Lenin Prize in 1972 and has been awarded two orders and various medals.

References in periodicals archive ?
Peters BA, Kermani BG, Sparks AB, Alferov O, Hong P, Alexeev A, et al.
The 2000 Nobel Prize was awarded jointly to Zhores Alferov and Herbert Kroemer for "developing semiconductor heterostructures" and to Jack Kilby for "his part in the invention of the integrated circuit.
th] anniversary of the Global Energy Prize (GEP) and will, among others, feature Russian Minister of Energy Novak as well as Nobel Prize winners and current GEP Laureates Jaures Alferov and Rodney John Allam.
In an open letter to the Bulgarian PM Boyko Borisov, Russian Nobel Prize-winning physicist Zhores Alferov has backed his Bulgarian colleagues in their protest against the government's plans to reform the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
A historian explores Soviet science in this biography of Zhores Alferov, who won a Nobel Prize for discovering the heterojunction used in LEDs.
Craig Barrett, a former head of Intel, has joined as co-chairman of the supervisory board, and Nobel laureate Zhores Alferov has been appointed as scientific director.
A letter was sent to President Putin from a group of academicians, headed by Nobel Prize winner Zhores Alferov, criticizing the Russian Orthodox Church's promotion of religious education in schools and theology in secular universities.
The latest example occurred when Zhores Alferov harnessed enthusiasm over his 2000 Nobel Prize in physics to obtain a 10 percent increase in Russia's scientific research budget.
9) Academician Zhores Alferov, Chair Gov't Commission on nuclear waste mgmt.
Clair Kilby); the team that developed the world's first microprocessor (Federico Faggin, Marcian Hoff, Stanley Mazor and Masatoshi Shima); researchers who created the first room-temperature semiconductor laser (Zhores Alferov, Izuo Hayashi and Morton Panish); and the inventor of the liquid-crystal display (George Heilmeier).
1963 Zhores ALferov and Herbert Kroemer independently propose semiconductor lasers, later used in fiber optics, CD players and laser pointers.
The 2003 Global Energy prize winners are bright scientists and personalities, great physicists, who have been working with high energy systems for many years," said Zhores Alferov, chairman of the Global Energy Prize Award International Committee and 2000 Nobel Prize laureate in physics.