Alferov, Zhores Ivanovich

Alferov, Zhores Ivanovich,

1930–2019, Russian physicist, b. Vitebsk (now in Belarus), Ph.D. V. I. Ulyanov Electrotechnical Institute, 1952. He joined the research staff of the A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia, and served as its director from 1987 to 2003. Alferov and Herbert KroemerKroemer, Herbert,
1928–, German physicist, Ph.D. Univ. of Göttingen, 1952. Kroemer was a researcher at RCA Laboratories in Princeton, N.J. (1954–57), and at Varian Associates in Palo Alto, Calif. (1959–66). In 1968 he joined the faculty at the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who worked separately, shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics with Jack KilbyKilby, Jack St. Clair,
1923–2005, American electrical engineer, b. Jefferson City, Mo., B.S. Univ. of Illinois, 1947, M.S. Univ. of Wisconsin, 1950. In 1958, Kilby began working for Texas Instruments (TI), which he had joined in order to devote himself to developing
..... Click the link for more information.
 for inventing and developing fast opto- and microelectronic components based on layered semiconductor structures, known as heterostructures. Developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s, the technology underlies a broad array of modern devices and systems, including satellite communications, cellular telephones, fiber-optics, bar-code readers, and laser pointers. Alferov, who was elected vice president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (subsequently Russia) in 1990, also served in the Russian State Duma from 1995 until his death.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Alferov, Zhores Ivanovich


Born Mar. 15, 1930, in Vitebsk. Soviet physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1965.

Upon graduating from the Leningrad Electrical Engineering Institute in 1952, Alferov joined the staff of the Physicotechnical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, where he still holds a position. He was named a professor at the Leningrad Electrical Engineering Institute in 1972.

Alferov’s principal works have dealt with the study of hetero-junctions in semiconductors and with the development of hetero-junction devices. He discovered the phenomenon of “superinjection” in heterostructures and advanced a theory for the use of heterostructures in semiconductor electronics.

Alferov received the Lenin Prize in 1972 and has been awarded two orders and various medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.