Alfonso I


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Alfonso I

(Alfonso the Battler) (ălfŏn`sō, äl–), d. 1134, king of Aragón and Navarre (1104–34), brother and successor of Peter I. The husband of UrracaUrraca
, d. 1126, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1109–26), daughter and successor of Alfonso VI. Her first husband, Raymond of Burgundy, died in 1107, and in 1109 she was married to Alfonso I of Aragón.
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, queen of Castile, he fought unsuccessfully to extend his authority over her kingdom. He also fought energetically against the Moors, from whom he captured Zaragossa (1118), Calatayud (1120), and many other towns. His raid (1125) into Andalusia bolstered Christian morale, and he encouraged Christians in Muslim lands to settle in his domain. Alfonso was killed in battle against his stepson, Alfonso VII of Castile, and was succeeded by his brother Ramiro II in Aragón and by García IV in NavarreNavarre
, Span. Navarra , autonomous community and province (1990 pop. 527,318), N Spain, bordering on France, between the W Pyrenees and the Ebro River. Pamplona is the capital.
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.

Alfonso I,

1109?–1185, first king of Portugal, son of Henry of Burgundy. After his father's death (1112), his mother, Countess Teresa, ruled the county of Portugal with the help of her Spanish lover, Fernando Pérez. In 1128 young Alfonso, who had allied himself with discontented nobles, defeated her in battle and drove her into León with Pérez (Alfonso did not, despite the popular legend, put her in chains at Guimarães). Beginning as little more than a quasi-independent guerrilla chief, Alfonso spent his life in almost ceaseless fighting against the kings of León and Castile and against the Moors to increase his prestige and his territories. In 1139 he defeated the Moors in the battle of Ourique (fought not at Ourique, but at some undetermined place). In 1147 he took Santarém by surprise attack and, with the help of the English, Flemish, and German crusaders, captured Lisbon. He began to style himself king in 1139, and in 1143, by the Treaty of Zamora, he placed his lands under papal protection and secured Castilian recognition of his title, which was confirmed (1179) by Pope Alexander III. Alfonso's son Sancho ISancho I
, c.1154–1211, king of Portugal (1185–1211), son and successor of Alfonso I. He was associated in his father's government from c.1170. Sancho undertook to restore and repeople the lands devastated in the wars against the Moors; thus he became known as
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 ascended an established throne.

Alfonso I

(Alfonso the Catholic), 693?–757, Spanish king of Asturias (739–57). He was the son-in-law of the first Asturian king, PelayoPelayo
, d. 737, first king (c.718–737) of Asturias. He was elected king by the tribespeople of Asturias and by Visigothic leaders who had escaped Tariq. His victory over the Moors at Covadonga sometime between 718 and 725 marked the beginning of Christian resistance to
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. A Berber rebellion (740–41) against the Moors enabled him to conquer parts of Galicia, León, and Santander.
References in periodicals archive ?
A continuacion, en la segunda parte de la obra se analizan los tres primeros monarcas que se intitularon imperator en primera persona--Alfonso VI, Urraca I y Alfonso I el Batallador--, reflejandose la amplitud del fenomeno imperial, que durante el periodo de Alfonso VI adquiere una nueva significacion respecto al periodo astur-leones, precisamente cuando aparece el termino regnum Hispaniae que se inserta en la intitulacion real.
Los hijos de Alfonso I el Catolico y Ermesenda, son Fruela y Vimarano.
Tras el fallecimiento del infante Sancho fue cuando Urraca se convirtio definitivamente en la legitima heredera de Alfonso VI, y se planteo en 1109 el nuevo y funesto matrimonio de Urraca con Alfonso I que lo podemos considerar como la chispa que hizo arder e incentivar el clima de inestabilidad ya existente, desembocando en una cruenta guerra entre los partidarios de uno y otro conyuge.
Pontano's activities as a teacher have attracted less scholarly attention, although it is well-known that he was preceptor to Alfonso I's nephew, Juan of Navarre, and that he succeeded Panormita (d.
Noting Alfonso I's love of firearms, Lucas demonstrates their ironic use both for war and for celebration.
Finally, there is little mention of art, although Anthony Colantuono's essay on the more recondite details of the works Titian painted for Alfonso I's camerino is a delightful exercise in the sort of place-specific iconography to which another lover of Ferrara, Aby Warburg, made a memorable contribution in his 1912 lecture on the astrological symbolism of the Schifanoia frescoes.
In Ferrara, in 1514 Duke Alfonso I d'Este engaged a Venetian potter to imitate oriental porcelain without any evidence that this project came to fruition.
Alfonso is playing, electric and acoustic guitar, and piano, even Hammond organ.
On the other hand, Alfonso is on the drug watch-list of the Binangonan, Rizal police.
Sadly, Alfonso is misrepresented in the media coverage of the murder.
Alfonso is pleased that her hair came back again, better than ever.