Alfonso III


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Alfonso III,

1265–91, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona (1285–91), son and successor of Peter III. He was forced to grant wide privileges to the cortes of the Aragonese nobles. At first he supported the claim to Sicily of his brother James (later James IIJames II,
c.1260–1327, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona (1291–1327), king of Sicily (1285–95). He succeeded his father, Peter III, in Sicily and his brother, Alfonso III, in Aragón.
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 of Aragón) against Charles IICharles II
(Charles the Lame), 1248–1309, king of Naples (1285–1309), count of Anjou and Provence, son and successor of Charles I. In the war of the Sicilian Vespers between Charles I and Peter III of Aragón for possession of Sicily, Charles was captured
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 of Naples. Later, however, he recognized papal suzerainty over Sicily and pressed James to abandon his claim. He also made war on Castile and on his uncle, James IJames I,
1243–1311, king of Majorca (1276–1311), count of Roussillon and Cerdagne, lord of Montpellier, son of James I of Aragón. In 1278 he was forced to become a vassal of his brother, Peter III of Aragón.
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 of Majorca. James II succeeded him.

Alfonso III

(Alfonso the Great), 838?–911?, Spanish king of Asturias (866–911?). He recovered the territory of León from the Moors. The kingdom was consolidated in his reign, but after his forced abdication, it was divided among his sons.

Alfonso III,

1210–79, king of Portugal (1248–79), son of Alfonso II, brother and successor of Sancho II. By his marriage with Matilda, countess of Boulogne, he became count of Boulogne and thus was known as Alfonso o Bolonhez [Alfonso of Boulogne]. He seized power after the deposition (1245) of his brother by the pope, becoming king on Sancho's death. Alfonso completed the reconquest of Portugal from the Moors by taking (1249) the rest of the Algarve. This involved him in a long quarrel with Alfonso X of Castile, who had been receiving revenues from Algarve, but the two kings reached an agreement by which Alfonso III married the illegitimate daughter of Alfonso X, and Alfonso X was to relinquish all rights to the Algarve when the heir born of this union (the later King Diniz) should reach the age of seven. Alfonso's second marriage brought the Portuguese king into disfavor with the church because Matilda was still living, but her death ended the conflict. Despite promises he had made at the time of Sancho's deposition, Alfonso seized lands and revenues from the church. This caused another break with the church, which healed shortly before his death. Alfonso called the Cortes of Leiria (1254), the first Portuguese Cortes to include commoners. He also instituted administrative and financial reforms, encouraged commerce and the development of the towns, and commuted many feudal dues into money payments. French and Provençal culture was imported to the court, and the period was one of great intellectual activity. Alfonso was succeeded by Diniz.
References in periodicals archive ?
Historian Mario De Valdes y Cocom argues that Queen Charlotte was directly descended from a black branch of the Portuguese royal family: Alfonso III and his concubine, Ouruana, a black Moor.
Sin duda, el primer rey sabio de la epoca de la Reconquista fue Alfonso III de Asturias (r.
Su hermano y sucesor Alfonso III tampoco recurre a algun tesoro monetario para pagar sus mandas en el momento de su muerte.
Gaston soon joined others in forging an anti-Sancho party, which included the Aragonese king, Alfonso III.
Le seguiran Ramiro I (842-850), Ordono I (850-866) y Alfonso III (866-910); y de este ultimo destaca la presencia en su progenie de otro Fruela que nacio alrededor del 874.
Mas tarde, su hijo Alfonso III ocuparia las plazas de Sollanzo y Cea, hacia el sur Simancas y Duenas, y en la ribera norte del Duero, Zamora y Toro (4).
Westboro: Kevin Boucher; Vanessa Joubert; Steven Kaye; Anthony Kilcullen; Alfonso III Lombardi; Kristina Perri; Joshua Tidman; Brennan Walters.
Por su parte, Sahagun fortalecio el recuerdo autentico de la generosidad del rey Alfonso VI de Leon y convirtio a este en su heroe terrenal por encima de otros monarcas mas antiguos y tambien reclamados como apoyo de las reivindicaciones monasticas, como Alfonso III y Ramiro II.
En algun lugar del norte de Asturias, en el ultimo cuarto del siglo vm, en epoca de Alfonso III de Leon (866-910), un compilador decidio reunir en un unico codice un grupo variado de textos, de origen y autoria diversos, que obedecen en general a una tematica historico-geografica: eran listas corograficas, lista de curiosidades acerca de las letras del alfabeto o de las distancias entre ciudades, cronografias, una cronica breve del Imperio romano, un Ordo gentis Gothorum, una cronica de los reyes de Oviedo y varios textos y listados sobre los musulmanes.
Alfonso III of Aragon demanded that hostages for Charles of Salerno include not only princes, nobles, and burghers, but also English (Gascon), French, and Provencal nobles and burghers.
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