Alfonso III


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Alfonso III,

1265–91, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona (1285–91), son and successor of Peter III. He was forced to grant wide privileges to the cortes of the Aragonese nobles. At first he supported the claim to Sicily of his brother James (later James IIJames II,
c.1260–1327, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona (1291–1327), king of Sicily (1285–95). He succeeded his father, Peter III, in Sicily and his brother, Alfonso III, in Aragón.
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 of Aragón) against Charles IICharles II
(Charles the Lame), 1248–1309, king of Naples (1285–1309), count of Anjou and Provence, son and successor of Charles I. In the war of the Sicilian Vespers between Charles I and Peter III of Aragón for possession of Sicily, Charles was captured
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 of Naples. Later, however, he recognized papal suzerainty over Sicily and pressed James to abandon his claim. He also made war on Castile and on his uncle, James IJames I,
1243–1311, king of Majorca (1276–1311), count of Roussillon and Cerdagne, lord of Montpellier, son of James I of Aragón. In 1278 he was forced to become a vassal of his brother, Peter III of Aragón.
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 of Majorca. James II succeeded him.

Alfonso III

(Alfonso the Great), 838?–911?, Spanish king of Asturias (866–911?). He recovered the territory of León from the Moors. The kingdom was consolidated in his reign, but after his forced abdication, it was divided among his sons.

Alfonso III,

1210–79, king of Portugal (1248–79), son of Alfonso II, brother and successor of Sancho II. By his marriage with Matilda, countess of Boulogne, he became count of Boulogne and thus was known as Alfonso o Bolonhez [Alfonso of Boulogne]. He seized power after the deposition (1245) of his brother by the pope, becoming king on Sancho's death. Alfonso completed the reconquest of Portugal from the Moors by taking (1249) the rest of the Algarve. This involved him in a long quarrel with Alfonso X of Castile, who had been receiving revenues from Algarve, but the two kings reached an agreement by which Alfonso III married the illegitimate daughter of Alfonso X, and Alfonso X was to relinquish all rights to the Algarve when the heir born of this union (the later King Diniz) should reach the age of seven. Alfonso's second marriage brought the Portuguese king into disfavor with the church because Matilda was still living, but her death ended the conflict. Despite promises he had made at the time of Sancho's deposition, Alfonso seized lands and revenues from the church. This caused another break with the church, which healed shortly before his death. Alfonso called the Cortes of Leiria (1254), the first Portuguese Cortes to include commoners. He also instituted administrative and financial reforms, encouraged commerce and the development of the towns, and commuted many feudal dues into money payments. French and Provençal culture was imported to the court, and the period was one of great intellectual activity. Alfonso was succeeded by Diniz.
References in periodicals archive ?
The well-known Asturian Chronicles--comprising the Prophetic Chronicle, the Chronicle of Albelda, and the Chronicle of Alfonso III--emerged in the context of the culturally flourishing court of Oviedo under the reign of King Alfonso III (866-910), at a time when the Asturian kingdom was grounded enough to assert its political leadership and reflect on its past trajectory.
Historian Mario De Valdes y Cocom argues that Queen Charlotte was directly descended from a black branch of the Portuguese royal family: Alfonso III and his concubine, Ouruana, a black Moor.
A Wikipedia entry on Iloilo City said: Moved by the Ilonggo's loyalty (to Spain), the Queen Regent Maria Cristina honored the city of Iloilo (in the name of her son King Alfonso III) with the title Muy Noble.
Gaston soon joined others in forging an anti-Sancho party, which included the Aragonese king, Alfonso III. This alliance's main intention was to end Sancho's kingship.
Le seguiran Ramiro I (842-850), Ordono I (850-866) y Alfonso III (866-910); y de este ultimo destaca la presencia en su progenie de otro Fruela que nacio alrededor del 874.
Westboro: Kevin Boucher; Vanessa Joubert; Steven Kaye; Anthony Kilcullen; Alfonso III Lombardi; Kristina Perri; Joshua Tidman; Brennan Walters.
Alfonso III of Aragon demanded that hostages for Charles of Salerno include not only princes, nobles, and burghers, but also English (Gascon), French, and Provencal nobles and burghers.