Alfonso Reyes


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Reyes, Alfonso

 

Born May 17, 1889, in Monterrey; died Dec. 27, 1959, in Mexico City. Mexican poet, scholar, and literary critic. President of the Mexican Academy of Language.

Reyes graduated from the law faculty of the University of Mexico in 1913. In 1909 he helped found the Athenaeum of Youth, which aided in the spiritual reawakening of Mexican culture. Between 1913 and 1936 he held a number of diplomatic posts.

Reyes’ first book, Aesthetic Questions, appeared in 1911. The principal theme of his critical and literary works was the historical and cultural process in Mexico and Latin America. These works included Vision of Anáhuac (1917), Similarities and Differences (vols. 1–5, 1921–26), The Demarcation (1944), and X on the Forehead (1952). Reyes also wrote many books devoted to the literature of antiquity and some European literatures, as well as to literary theory and aesthetics. In 1924 he published the dramatic narrative poem Cruel Iphigenia, and in 1952 the collection Poetic Works. He also translated a number of European classics into Spanish, including works by A. P. Chekhov.

Reyes received the National Prize of Arts and Sciences in 1945.

WORKS

Obras completas, vols. 1–19. Mexico City, 1955–68.
in Russian translation:
“Detstvo.” I nostrannaia literatura, 1960, no. 12.

REFERENCES

“A. Reies—prezident Akademii iazyka i literatury.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1958, no. 3.
Marinello, J. Sovremenniki. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from Spanish.)
Kuteishchikova, V. N. Meksikanskii roman. [Moscow, 1971.]
Trend, J. B. A. Reyes. Cambridge, 1952.
Garrido, L . A. Reyes. Mexico City, 1954.
Olguin, M. A. Reyes ensayista: Vida y pensamiento. Mexico City, 1955.
Páginas sobre A. Reyes, vols. 1–2. Monterrey, 1955–57.
Robb, J. W. El estilo de A. Reyes. Mexico City, 1965. (Bibliography on pp. 245–61.)
Siempre, 1970, no. 865. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
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Chapter 3 analyzes the consolidation of high-cultural institutions (El Colegio Nacional, El Colegio de Mexico), and the emergence within them of the hispanista Alfonso Reyes as promoter and embodiment of an autonomous cultural field.
Dans une declaration, mercredi, a l'agence espagnole de presse "Efe", Alfonso Reyes, chef de la corporation des pecheurs de Barbate, a indique que les pecheurs de cette localite "s'attendent a une solution qui leur permet de retourner des que possible dans les eaux voisines", en qualifiant de "catastrophique" l'arret de leurs activites suite au non renouvellement de cet accord.
The angel was displayed on Alfonso Reyes Avenue, Nuevo Leon, Mexico in January 2000 * Creator Don Levine sold the world's most expensive toy soldier in August 2003 for $200,000 US, to a wealthy American businessman
The regrettably forgotten book by Mexican essayist Alfonso Reyes, El Deslinde (1944), argues that there are three stages in undertaking the interpretation and criticism of literary works.
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We saw all of our belongings burn right before our eyes,'' said Alfonso Reyes, 38, who lived in the home's converted garage.
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Its author is Alfonso Reyes, a foundational figure of the tradition of thinking known as Latin Americanism, which may be defined as the constant assertion of Latin America as a site of critical thinking and as an articulation of projects of emancipation vis-a-vis modernity and colonialism.