Alfonso VI


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Alfonso VI,

1030–1109, Spanish king of León (1065–1109) and Castile (1072–1109). He inherited León from his father, Ferdinand I. Defeated by his brother Sancho IISancho II
, d.1072, Spanish king of Castile (1065–72), son and successor of Ferdinand I. He conquered (1072) León from his brother Alfonso VI, but his sister Urraca rebelled against him at Zamora, and Sancho was assassinated while besieging the city.
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 of Castile, he fled to the Moorish court of Toledo. After Sancho's assassination (1072) Alfonso succeeded to the throne of Castile and took Galicia from his brother García (1073). He thus became the most powerful Christian ruler in Spain. He encouraged Christians in Muslim lands to migrate north, and he raided Muslim territory, penetrating as far south as Tarifa. After the conquest of strategic Toledo (1085), he took many other cities and reached the line of the Tagus River. Alarmed by his advance, Abbad III (see AbbadidsAbbadids
, Arab dynasty in Spain that ruled Seville from 1023 to 1091. Taking advantage of the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba, the cadi [judge-governor] of Seville seized power and became (1023) king of the newly founded state as Abbad I.
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) and his Muslim allies called to their aid the Almoravid Yusuf ibn TashfinYusuf ibn Tashfin
, d. 1106, ruler in the dynasty of the Almoravids (c.1059–1106). A Muslim, he led the Berbers in N Africa, continued the conquest of Morocco, took Algeria, and founded (1062) Marrakech, which became his capital.
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, who defeated Alfonso in 1086. Alfonso was defeated again in 1108, and his only son died in the battle. Alfonso's reign gave a great crusading impulse to the reconquest of Spain and was also notable for the exploits of the CidCid
or Cid Campeador
[Span.,=lord conqueror], d. 1099, Spanish soldier and national hero, whose real name was Rodrigo (or Ruy) Díaz de Vivar. Under Ferdinand I and Sancho II of Castile he distinguished himself while fighting against the Moors, but Alfonso VI
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. Alfonso's court at Toledo became the center of cultural relations between Muslim and Christian Spain. French influence was strong because of the king's many French followers; French monks introduced the Cluniac reform into León during his reign. Alfonso was succeeded by his daughter UrracaUrraca
, d. 1126, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1109–26), daughter and successor of Alfonso VI. Her first husband, Raymond of Burgundy, died in 1107, and in 1109 she was married to Alfonso I of Aragón.
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.

Alfonso VI,

1643–83, king of Portugal (1656–83), son and successor of John IV. Slightly paralyzed and mentally defective, he led a dissolute youth until he came under the influence of the count of Castelho Melhor in 1662. The count of Castelho Melhor then took over the government and ruled ably. Under Castelho Melhor's direction the army won the series of victories over Spain (1663–65) that finally secured Spanish recognition of Portuguese independence (1668). After Alfonso's marriage (1666) to Marie Françoise of Savoy, daughter of the duc de Nemours, the young queen took a hand in government. She and the king's younger brother (later Peter IIPeter II,
1648–1706, king of Portugal (1683–1706), younger son of John IV; brother and successor of Alfonso VI. In 1667, he seized power from his incompetent brother and ruled the country as prince regent until Alfonso's death.
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) fell in love, and in 1667 they forced Castelho Melhor from power and made Alfonso sign over the government to Peter, who became prince regent. A quick annulment of her marriage to Alfonso enabled Marie Françoise to wed the new regent. Alfonso was confined in the Azores until 1674 and at Sintra thereafter.

Alfonso VI

died 1109, king of Léon (1065--1109) and of Castile (1072--1109). He appointed his vassal, the Spanish hero El Cid, ruler of Valencia
References in periodicals archive ?
A partir de la donacion de importantes instituciones monasticas, durante el reinado de Alfonso VI se produjo el asentamiento de la orden de Cluny en los reinos de Leon, Galicia y Castilla.
La heredera de Alfonso VI se encontro en medio de la presion interna del reino que tanto fuerzas seculares como eclesiasticas ocasionaban en su intento de consolidar su propio poder y jurisdiccion sobre zonas geograficas y urbanas determinadas.
De este modo ambos juicios no serian sino el resultado de una manipulacion posterior orquestada con la intencion de sancionar un privilegio conseguido en epoca de Alfonso VI que, por alguna razon que no se especifica, el cenobio retrotrajo al tiempo de Fernan Gonzalez.
70) It is significant that Aragon, faced in the 1080's with the threat of Alfonso VI of Castile's expansionist challenge to annex Zaragoza, which later monarchs also attempted, looked beyond the Pyrenees for its architectural models, to France and to Rome, reflecting perhaps the historical situation of Jaca, not having an antique tradition of its own on which it could base its claim to imperial or metropolitan status.
Fue la <<hija del rey Alfonso VI y la reina Constanza>> (4), tal como hacia constar en los documentos.
It is not known whether Alfonso VI went to Oviedo as a child with his family, since the earliest evidence for such a visit is much later in 1053, (3) but it is possible that he accompanied the court on earlier royal visits.
Avanzando cronologicamente nos encontramos con otro ejemplo de defensora femenina del poder real en EE 845, donde Urraca, la hermana de Alfonso VI, es presentada de la siguiente manera: <<assi como dizen las estorias era muy entenduda duenna>> (76).
Ellas estarian ubicadas convenientemente tras la figura de Alfonso VI, que representa el poder del primer <<Imperator>> hispano, de donde procede tanto la legitimidad urraquena, como la jurisdiccion y propiedad sobre esos territorios.
68) This reliquary must have been commissioned by Alfonso VI, probably around 1100.
Obviamente no sabemos si realmente Alfonso VI pronuncio estas palabras, aunque es logico pensar que el rey se preocupara por el futuro del gobierno de Galicia.
La entrada correspondiente a 1065 hace referencia al ascenso al trono del rey Alfonso VI, siendo descrito el monarca <<liderando a su ejercito contra los musulmanes durante anos; contra algunos lucho, y de otros aceptaba tributo>>.