Alfonso VIII

Alfonso VIII

(Alfonso the Noble), 1155–1214, Spanish king of Castile (1158–1214), son and successor of Sancho III. Chaos prevailed during his minority, but he quickly restored order after assuming (1166) the government. Alfonso took (1177) Cuenca from the Moors, but later (1195) he was seriously defeated by them at Alarcos. León and Navarre then invaded Castile, but Alfonso forced them to make peace, annexing Araba/Álava and Gipuzkoa (Guipúzcoa) from Navarre. Allied with his former Christian enemies, he led them to the great victory over the Almohads at Las Navas de Tolosa (1212). Alfonso was married to Eleanor, daughter of Henry II of England. Their children included Henry, who succeeded his father as Henry I; Blanche, who married Louis VIII of France; and Berenguela, who married Alfonso IX of León and whose son Ferdinand III united Castile and León.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Fundado el Monasterio de las Huelgas por Alfonso VIII y su esposa Leonor, para ser panteon de los reyes de Castilla y retiro de personas nobles, el ano 1187 se establecio en el, como cabeza y matriz de las Bernardas de Castilla, la primera comunidad de monjas, inmediatamente sometida al Abad del Cister.
in Spain, with the first event being held in honor of King Alfonso VIII. Spanish towns have faced criticism for maintaining the controversial tradition, which has increased the number of bull deaths annually.
Julio Gonzalez made Gregory's legation the subject of only a few pages, and even these made peace to unite Spain against the Muslim South a strong theme, although his comments on Gregory were not the main focus of his larger study on Alfonso VIII (10).
(4) Coincidentally, this duchy was a part of the dowry that Alfonso's great-grandmother, Eleanor (1162-1214), daughter of the English King Henry II (1133-89) and Eleanor of Aquitaine (c.1122-1204), brought with her when she married King Alfonso VIII of Castile (r.