Al-Farghani

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Al-Farghani

Al-Farghani (äl-färgäˈnē) or Alfraganus (ălfrəgāˈnəs), d. after 861, Arab astronomer. Al-Farghani was born in Farghana, Transoxania (present-day Fergana, Uzbekistan), and died in Egypt. His most important work, written between 833 and 857, is Elements, a thorough, readable, nonmathematical summary of Ptolemaic astronomy. The book, which circulated in several Latin editions, was widely studied in Europe from the 12th to the 17th cent. Two treatises on astrolabes by Al-Farghani also survive.
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References in periodicals archive ?
He based his conclusion on the ninth century Baghdadi commentator on Ptolemy, Alfraganus (Al-Farghani), who had corrected Ptolemy's length of a terrestrial degree; Alfraganus was cited in the Ymago Mundi of Pierre D'Ailly (printed in Louvain in 1483), which was consulted by Columbus.
Al-Sulaiti referred to the eighth century philosopher Abu Nasr al-Farabi, who analysed the studies Plato and Aristotle from Islamic perspective, the 19th century's scientist Ahmad Al-Farghani, also known as Alfraganus in the West, who authored "Elements of Astronomy on the Celestial Motions".
Amongst Islamic writers, the most important are: Albumasar, Alfraganus, Alchabitius, Avicenna, and Averroes.