Alfred Bäumler

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Bäumler, Alfred

 

Born Nov. 19, 1887. German philosopher. One of the ideologists of German fascism.

From 1933 to 1945, Bäumler was a professor of political science at the University of Berlin. His views were formed under the influence of the “philosophy of life” (Nietzsche, Dilthey, and Simmel) and the “morphology of history” (Spengler). Characteristic of Bäumler are motifs of antiur-banism and nostalgia for “prebourgeois” culture with its “strong personality,” standing “beyond good and evil.” Written from these Nietzschean points of view, the works Nietzsche as a Political Educator (1931) and Politics and Education (1937) were acknowledged by Hitler’s government as guides for the education of youth. In his work Aesthetics (1934), Bäumler subjected the heritage of German classical philosophy to his so-called cultural criticism.

P. P. GAIDENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Benedetto Croce has already called the Neapolitan "the inventor of aesthetic science" in the Vico chapter of his Estetica (1902), then Alfred Baeumler, the author of the most influential--if somewhat latently--history of modern aesthetics (1923), agreed with Croce and wrote that scienzia nouva was in the final analysis an aesthetics (though he dealt with Ludovico Antonio Muratori at length instead, since only the latter had an impact, through "die Sehweizer," on the German aesthetes of the eighteenth century).
THE BEST PARTS OF THE BOOK ARE DEVOTED to Heidegger's relations with other Nazi celebrities like Alfred Baeumler, Alfred Rosenberg, Ernst Junger, and Carl Schmitt.
Among the Nazi thinkers who seized on Nietzsche was Alfred Baeumler (1887-1968).
67, 100), or his skepticism regarding Alfred Baeumler (pp.
Nor does he even acknowledge the fascination with Greek tragic thinking in the work of National Socialist philosophers like Alfred Baeumler, Kurt Hildebrandt, and Hans Heyse.
Woods argues that Conservative Revolutionary thought, as reflected in writers such as Ernst Junger, Oswald Spengler, Moeller van den Bruck, Alfred Baeumler, Edgar Jung, and Hans Zehrer, was characterized by a series of tensions that he examines in some detail.
The four concepts of crisis, nation, leadership, and order were employed for just this purpose, by Heidegger in his rectoral address at Freiburg, by Alfred Baeumler at Berlin, and by Ernst Krieck at Frankfurt.
Elisabeth Galvan's splendid study starts from yet another very detailed examination of the two main Bachofen editions known to have been among Mann's sources: the 1926 selection Mythus von Orient und Occident by Manfred Schroter, with an introduction of almost three-hundred pages by Alfred Baeumler, and the Reclam selection in three volumes of the same year by Carl Albrecht Bernoulli, entitled Urreligion und antike Symbole, which survives in two copies in Mann's library, one used in 1927, another acquired in exile in 1933; both bear the pencil marks characteristic of Mann's hunt for significant detail or key concepts.