Alfred Bäumler

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Bäumler, Alfred


Born Nov. 19, 1887. German philosopher. One of the ideologists of German fascism.

From 1933 to 1945, Bäumler was a professor of political science at the University of Berlin. His views were formed under the influence of the “philosophy of life” (Nietzsche, Dilthey, and Simmel) and the “morphology of history” (Spengler). Characteristic of Bäumler are motifs of antiur-banism and nostalgia for “prebourgeois” culture with its “strong personality,” standing “beyond good and evil.” Written from these Nietzschean points of view, the works Nietzsche as a Political Educator (1931) and Politics and Education (1937) were acknowledged by Hitler’s government as guides for the education of youth. In his work Aesthetics (1934), Bäumler subjected the heritage of German classical philosophy to his so-called cultural criticism.


References in periodicals archive ?
Benedetto Croce has already called the Neapolitan "the inventor of aesthetic science" in the Vico chapter of his Estetica (1902), then Alfred Baeumler, the author of the most influential--if somewhat latently--history of modern aesthetics (1923), agreed with Croce and wrote that scienzia nouva was in the final analysis an aesthetics (though he dealt with Ludovico Antonio Muratori at length instead, since only the latter had an impact, through "die Sehweizer," on the German aesthetes of the eighteenth century).
Nor does he even acknowledge the fascination with Greek tragic thinking in the work of National Socialist philosophers like Alfred Baeumler, Kurt Hildebrandt, and Hans Heyse.
The four concepts of crisis, nation, leadership, and order were employed for just this purpose, by Heidegger in his rectoral address at Freiburg, by Alfred Baeumler at Berlin, and by Ernst Krieck at Frankfurt.