Alfred Bäumler

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Bäumler, Alfred


Born Nov. 19, 1887. German philosopher. One of the ideologists of German fascism.

From 1933 to 1945, Bäumler was a professor of political science at the University of Berlin. His views were formed under the influence of the “philosophy of life” (Nietzsche, Dilthey, and Simmel) and the “morphology of history” (Spengler). Characteristic of Bäumler are motifs of antiur-banism and nostalgia for “prebourgeois” culture with its “strong personality,” standing “beyond good and evil.” Written from these Nietzschean points of view, the works Nietzsche as a Political Educator (1931) and Politics and Education (1937) were acknowledged by Hitler’s government as guides for the education of youth. In his work Aesthetics (1934), Bäumler subjected the heritage of German classical philosophy to his so-called cultural criticism.


References in periodicals archive ?
Alfred Baumler. This type of emphasis upon Nietzsche and voluntarism was promoted in academia during the times of the Third Reich.
Alfred Rosenberg, for instance, claimed Nietzsche as "a spiritual brother," and Heinrich Hartle presented him as "a great ally in the present spiritual warfare." We learn from Safranski that Nietzsche's first major biographers, Ernst Bertram and Alfred Baumler (whose books appeared in 1922 and 1931 respectively), and his first heavyweight philosophical interpreter, Martin Heidegger, were all National Socialists of one stripe or another.
(38) Alfred Baumler, Nietzsche: der Philosopher und Politiker (Leipzig: Reclam, 1931), 104.