Alfred Blalock


Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.
Alfred Blalock
Birthday
BirthplaceCulloden, Georgia, United States
Died
EducationUniversity of Georgia Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Blalock, Alfred

(1899–1964) surgeon, educator; born in Culloden, Ga. From 1925 to 1941 he was head of the surgery department at Vanderbilt University's school of medicine. He conducted experiments to establish that "shock" was the result of drastic loss of blood from the vascular system (1928–30). This led to the practice of treating wounded soldiers with blood substitutes and plasma. He became chairman of the Department of Surgery at Johns Hopkins (1941); there he and his colleagues performed the first total removal of the thymus gland; and in 1944, following through on the idea of Helen Taussig, he performed the first successful heart surgery on a "blue baby."
References in periodicals archive ?
Alfred Blalock in the Emmy-winning HBO film "Something the Lord Made" (2004), among others.
1,2 Surgical repair of TOF has evolved over the decades after first creation of systemic to pulmonary shunt in 1944 by Alfred Blalock, followed by complete repair in 1950s by C.
He assisted his mentor, Alfred Blalock, in the first "blue baby" operation in 1944, correcting a heart defect that prevented an infant from obtaining a sufficient amount of oxygen.
She then discussed the problem with Alfred Blalock, recently appointed to the surgical staff at Hopkins, who had done some experimental work in dogs in which he had performed end to end anastomoses of the subclavian artery to the pulmonary artery in order to study pulmonary hypertension.