Alfred Von Schlieffen

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schlieffen, Alfred Von


Born Feb. 28, 1833, in Berlin; died there Jan. 4, 1913. German military theoretician. General field marshal (1911). Count.

Schlieffen served in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71 as a staff officer. He served as chief of the General Staff from 1891 to 1905, in which post he improved the training of General Staff officers. As a follower of H. Moltke the elder and one of the ideologists of German militarism, Schlieffen developed a theory for surrounding and wiping out an enemy by a decisive strike against one or two flanks. Schlieffen was the author of a plan for warfare on two fronts, against France and Russia.


Gesammelte Schriften, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1913.
In Russian translation:
Kanny, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1938.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alfred Graf von Schlieffen (1833-1913), a German Field Marshall, a military strategist of note, and a member of the Imperial German General Staff (1891-1906) is now probably known to most people because the name is attached to what most people have come to know as the Schlieffen Plan, the plans for what would happen in the event of war.