Alfred Hugenberg

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Alfred Hugenberg
Alfred Ernst Christian Alexander Hugenberg
BirthplaceHanover, Kingdom of Hanover
EducationDoctorate in economics
Known for Politician, media tycoon
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hugenberg, Alfred


Born June 19, 1865, in Hanover; died Mar. 12, 1951, in Kükenbruch, near Rinteln. German political figure and big entrepreneur.

Hugenberg was one of the founders of the Pan-German League (1891). From 1909 to 1918 he was general manager of the Krupp firm. In 1916 he set up a concern of his own comprising numerous publishing houses, newspapers, news agencies, and motion picture companies. In the years 1919— 20 he was a deputy to the National Assembly and in 1920 became a deputy to the Reichstag, representing the extreme right-wing German Nationalist People’s Party, of which he was chairman from 1928 to 1933. He helped finance Hitler’s National Socialist Party and actively promoted the establishment of the fascist dictatorship. In 1933 he was minister of food and agriculture in Hitler’s government. After the crushing defeat of fascist Germany (1945), Hugenberg established himself in West Germany, where the authorities listed him among fascism’s “fellow travelers” and exempted him from punishment. He was instrumental in the revival of militaristic organizations in West Germany, among them the “Steel Helmets.”


Bernhard, L. Der “Hugenberg Konzern.” Berlin, 1928.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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When the German Reichstag issued its peace resolution in July 1917, disgruntled deputies and their supporters set up the Vaterlandspartei, with the notable support of Admiral von Tirpitz and the industrialist Alfred Hugenberg. By then, the German war effort was almost entirely in the hands of a military industrial group, which gave the army whatever it needed, but at the price of creating massive bottlenecks and shortages on the home front.
He makes this pact with Alfred Hugenberg, then head of the German film conglomerate UFA, who would shortly turn it over to the Nazi Party as he became its new government's minister of economics.
There were even papers published, essentially, by one individual like those published by the noted German nationalist, Alfred Hugenberg.
The German delegation was led by Alfred Hugenberg, who was not a Nazi but wanted to show that he was an even more implacable nationalist than Hitler himself.
Manfred Helmes, head of the state media regulator in Rhineland-Palatinate, goes so far as to compare Berlusconi with German nationalist media mogul and politician Alfred Hugenberg, who used his vast media empire to pave the way for Adolf Hitler's ascension to power.
Since 1927 Ufa had been controlled by Alfred Hugenberg, the right-wing nationalist head of the Krupp armaments empire, who thereafter had a virtual monopoly on newsreel production, and undoubtedly had influence over features as well.
As Larry Eugene Jones points out, the fact that Alfred Hugenberg, who triumphed over Count Kuno von Westarp, was not a racist ideologue also contributed to the loss of support for the Nationalist Socialist Party.