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See his Ubu Plays (tr. 1969); biography by A. Brotchie (2011); study by K. Beaumont (1985).
Born Sept. 8, 1873, in Laval, Mayenne Department; died Nov. 1, 1907, in Paris. French writer.
Jarry became known for his grotesque comic farce Ubu roi (1896). The character of his depraved and ruthless hero, typified in the spirit of guignol traditions, contains a criticism of the bourgeois world. In The Almanacs of Papa Ubu (1899) and the play Ubu Enslaved (1900), Jarry satirically exposed the sociopolitical and moral principles in France of his day. He published the novels Days and Nights (1897) and The Supermale (1902). In The Deeds and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll (1898), Jarry ridiculed the philistine “common sense.” His experimental writings, imbued with the spirit of negation, influenced such writers as Apollinaire, lonesco, A. Adamov, and L. Aragon.
WORKSOeuvres complètes, vols. 1–8. Paris, 1948.
REFERENCESIstoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol.4. Moscow, 1963.
Balashov, N. I. “Apolliner i ego mesto vo frantsuzskoi poezii.” In Apolliner, G.: Stikhi. Moscow, 1967.
Lot, F. Alfred Jarry, son oeuvre. Paris, 1934.
Levesque, L-H. Alfred Jarry. [Paris, 1954 and 1967.]
Perche, L. Jarry. Paris, 1965.
G. K. KOSIKOV