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Born July 26, 1842, in London; died July 13, 1924, in Cambridge. English economist, professor of political economy at Cambridge University (1885-1908).
Marshall founded the Cambridge School of vulgar political economy. He considered himself a successor of D. Ricardo and interpreted his teachings in a subjective and psychological spirit. Marshall eclectically combined already established vulgar theories of the costs of production, demand and supply, productivity, and abstention with the theories of marginal utility and marginal productivity that had become widespread in the late 19th century. Marshall tried to extend the teachings of C. Darwin to the field of social relations. Under the influence of H. Spencer, he viewed evolution as the only form of social development and propagated the false idea of the smooth development of the capitalist economy. In his research Marshall used mathematical and graphic methods of analysis. Marshall’s views had a great influence on the development of bourgeois economic thought and are important in modern bourgeois economic science.
WORKSThe Pure Theory of Foreign Trade and the Pure Theory of Domestic Values. London, 1879.
The Economics of Industry. London, 1889.
Principles of Economics. London, 1890.
Elements of Economics. London, 1892.
Industry and Trade. London, 1919.
Money, Credit and Commerce. London, 1923.