Alfred Rosenberg

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rosenberg, Alfred


Born Jan. 12, 1893, in Tallinn; died Oct. 16, 1946, in Nuremberg. One of the main war criminals of fascist Germany.

In 1923, Rosenberg became editor in chief of the central organ of the Nazi party, Völkischer Beobachter. In The Myth of the Twentieth Century (1930), he published a “substantiation” of the racist views and expansionist foreign policy program of German fascism. In 1933 he became head of the foreign policy department of the National Socialist Party. In July 1941, Rosenberg became minister of the occupied Eastern territories. He was one of the organizers of the mass murders and lootings that were conducted by the German administration in Poland, the USSR, and the other countries temporarily captured by the fascist German troops. Rosenberg was executed by verdict of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Executed October 16, 1946 Alfred Rosenberg Chief racial theorist who justified Hitler's genocidal policies.
Alfred Rosenberg, a leading theorist among National Socialists, explained how the principle applies to race: "The race-soul is the measure of all our thoughts,...
This power created friction with a number of other agencies that were also involved in book policy, especially Alfred Rosenberg's Reich Office for the Promotion of German Literature, which worked to undermine Goebbels' authority.
The Nuremberg Trials set a strong precedent: Alfred Rosenberg was tried and convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity for organising the Nazi looting operation.
In 1938 Joseph Goebbels urged Hitler to execute him but Alfred Rosenberg opposed the idea as it would provide an opportunity to critics like Bishop George Bell of Chichester of the Church of England to attack fiercely the German Government and mobilize the Christians all over the world against it.
The concept has a name: it is Rassenseele or "race-soul." Explaining the meaning of Rassenseele, Nazi ideologue Alfred Rosenberg writes, "Soul means race viewed from within." (29) If race may be viewed from within, then it is not reducible to any outward manifestation such as skin tones or hair texture; rather it is conceptual.
He discusses such sources of these--and more broadly, the Nazis'--views as the Wagner Circle, Alfred Rosenberg, and Henry Ford.
It is one of the most marvellous astronomical spectacles you can see," Alfred Rosenberg, an astrophysicist at the Canaries Astrophysics Institute said from the island of Tenerife.
The victims included Joachim von Ribbentrop, Alfred Rosenberg and Julius Streicher.
Alfred Rosenberg also looms large in Gregor's account; inspired by Chamberlain, his philosophy promoted an "old, new Germanic religion" (p.