Alfred Sauvy

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sauvy, Alfred


Born Oct. 31, 1898, in Villeneuve-de-la-Raho, Eastern Pyrenees. French sociologist, demographer, and economist.

In 1946, Sauvy organized the National Institute of Demographic Studies, which he directed until 1963, while concurrently serving as editor of the journal Population. He became chairman of the department of social demography of the Collège de France in 1959. Sauvy is honorary president of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population.

Sauvy developed his basic theories in the work General Population Theory (vols. 1–2, 1952–54). His works reveal a historical approach to demographic processes. A resolute opponent of Malthusianism, Sauvy advanced a program of democratic and structural reforms of France’s socioeconomic system. An advocate of the peaceful coexistence of capitalism and socialism, Sauvy believes that the social prejudices and economic dogmas of modern capitalist society are obstacles to a rational solution of such problems as education, employment, and housing construction.


De Malthus à Mao Tsé-Toung. Paris, 1958.
Le Plan Sauvy. Paris, 1960.
Malthus el les deux Marxs. Paris, 1963.
Mythologie de notre temps. Paris, 1965.


Marksistskaia i burzhuaznaia sotsiologiia segodnia. Moscow, 1964. Pages 7–60.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Within a few short years Franz Fanon published his groundbreaking book, Black Skin, White Masks, and Fidel Castro defended his fight against the pro-American government in Cuba in a pivotal speech, "History Will Absolve Me." The year 1952 also saw the first reference to the "Third World" by the French demographer Alfred Sauvy. (6)
La these << gerontocratique >> developpee notamment par Alfred Sauvy, avec la population n est pas verifiee ou plutot n est plus verifiee.
THE TERM 'THIRD WORLD' WAS COINED in August 1952 by the French demographer Alfred Sauvy in the left-wing magazine L'Observateur.
In 1952, the French demographer, Alfred Sauvy [1952] coined a new phrase Third World, similar to the historical French third estate, to describe the development problems of the newly emerging nations vis-a-vis first world countries of western, democratic, industrialized nations, the second world of the communist nations, and the third world made up of newly emerging nations that had been former colonies of western Europe and the United States.
Will they become what the French demographer Alfred Sauvy, commenting on the future of the West, describes as a "society of old people, living in old houses, ruminating about old ideas"?
Meanwhile, a French demographer-economist sociologist, Alfred Sauvy (1956), suggested calling these underprivileged new countries.