Alfred Von Kremer

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kremer, Alfred Von


Born May 13, 1828, in Vienna; died there Dec. 27, 1889. Austrian orientalist, author of works on Islamic studies and the cultural history of Oriental countries. He was the first Western European orientalist to attempt to analyze the social structure of Muslim societies and to define the moving forces in their development. Kremer believed that Islam had to be studied in connection with the entire history of Muslim culture, a culture that he regarded as a synthesis of socioeconomic, political, and intellectual factors. He introduced numerous primary sources into scholarly use.


Geschichte der herrschenden Ideen des Islams. Leipzig, 1868.
Kulturgeschichte des Orients unter den Chalifen, vols. 1–2. Vienna, 1875–77.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reimer, 1882, 91), which is somewhat different from mine: "ich habe eine Weile gelebt und nie verstandigere und hulf-bereitere Leute gesehen (als die Banu Qaila); aber nun hat ihnen ein hergereister Mann das Regiment aus der Hand genommen, Unrecht und Recht geht alles durch einander...." Wellhausen's condensed translation of the Maghazi is based on Alfred von Kremer's edition of one-third of the Maghazi, entitled History of Muhammad's campaigns by Aboo 'Abd 011ah Mohammad 'bin Omar al-Wakidy (Calcutta 1856).