Alfred Von Waldersee

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Waldersee, Alfred Von


Born Apr. 8, 1832, in Potsdam; died Mar. 5, 1904, in Hanover. Count, German general field marshal (1900).

In 1870, Waldersee was military attaché in France and in 1871 the first German ambassador to France. In 1882, Waldersee became quartermaster general and deputy chief of the general staff of H. Moltke (the elder), whom he replaced in this post in 1888. He had great influence over Emperor William II and advocated a preventive war against France and Russia; he came in conflict with Chancellor O. von Bismarck in an attempt to gain his post. In 1891 he was removed from his post and appointed corps commander. In 1900-01 Waldersee commanded the allied troops of the imperialist pow- ers that suppressed the I Ho T’uan [Boxer] Rebellion in China.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
General Alfred von Waldersee (1832-1904), the Elder Moltke's successor as chief of the General Staff, was shocked by Wilhelm's hubris: "He wants to be his own General Staff chief ...
(65) The case of the China campaign to suppress the Boxer rebellion in August 1900, in which Wilhelm II by Cabinet Order gave Field Marshal Alfred von Waldersee supreme command over all German land and sea forces both at home and abroad, remained unique in the history of the Second Reich.
The foremost authority on Wilhelmian Germany and an unsurpassed historical detective, Rohl has drawn extensively on a number of archives, particularly on the Archiv der Hessischen Hausstiftung, Schloss Fasanerie, for the papers of the Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm, later Kaiser Friedrich III, and Crown Princess Victoria, later Kaiserin Victoria; the Royal Archives in Windsor, for the papers of Queen Victoria among others; and the former Deutsches Zentrales Staatsarchiv II in Merseburg, for the papers of Count Alfred von Waldersee, having demonstrated that the published edition of his papers by Heinrich Otto von Meisner is unreliable.
Field Marshal Alfred von Waldersee was chief of the General Staff during 1888-91, dying in 1904.