Alfred Weber

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Alfred Weber
BirthplaceErfurt, Prussian Saxony
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Weber, Alfred


Born July 30, 1868, in Erfurt; died May 2, 1958, in Heidelberg. German bourgeois economist and sociologist. Brother of Max Weber. Professor of economics and sociology at the University of Prague (1904-07) and at the University of Heidelberg (1907-58, with interruptions during the fascist years).

In 1909, Weber proposed a theory of the geographical distribution of industry (Standort), according to which industrial enterprises attempt to occupy the most advantageous location in relation to the sources of raw material and to the labor market, thus ensuring minimum costs on the part of the entrepreneurs. This theory has not lost its influence in bourgeois political economy; however, it has been criticized for ignoring the presence of different economic regions, interrelations between branches of an industry, and the struggle of monopolies. Weber formulated his Sociology of History and Culture under the influence of Max Weber and W. Dilthey. History, according to Weber, can be subdivided into social processes (the formation of social institutions and structures), civilizing processes (the progressive development of technology and natural science leading to the unification of civilization), and cultural processes (creative processes, including art, religion, and philosophy). The three are related but follow different laws. The specific nature of historical and social changes in specific periods was connected by Weber with the irrational character of the cultural process, which is created by an intellectual elite. Thus, history, according to Weber, is directed by the play of the forces of the human spirit, which meant the negation of objective laws in history and of the possibility of knowing these laws.


Ideen zur Staats- und Kultursoziologie. Karlsruhe, 1927.
Kulturgeschichte als Kultursoziologie, 2nd ed. Munich, 1950.
Prinzipien der Geschichts- und Kultursoziologie. Munich, 1951.
Der dritte oder der vierte Mensch. Munich, 1953.
Einführung in die Soziologie. Munich, 1955. (Coauthor.)
In Russian translation:
Teoriia razmeshcheniia promy shlennosti. Moscow-Leningrad, 1926.


Lösch, A. Geografcheskoe razmeshchenie khoziaistva. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from English.)
Kepeszczuk, J. A. Weber: Schriften und Aufsätze, 1897-1955: Bib-liographic Munich, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Within an outstanding Conference program, one of the highlights included the keynote presentation by Alfred Weber, president and CEO, MANN & HUMMEL.
Mann+Hummel's CEO and president, Alfred Weber, noted that his company would seek to strengthen the Purolator brand and offer new opportunities to the team.
Commenting on the inauguration, Alfred Weber, President & CEO of MANN+HUMMEL Group stated : "It is our goal to be first choice for our Indian customers and top supplier in our segments in Asia.
A prima Emmy Baumgarten sofria dos nervos; Otto Benecke, um primo, suicidara-se; seu irmao, Alfred Weber, sofria de depressao; Karl, o outro irmao, era alcoolatra; Lili, a irma mais nova, suicidou-se.
This book is an invaluable exercise in placing the work of Karl Mannheim in continuity with Max and Alfred Weber's ideas and in the discontinuity of Weimar as the successor to Wilhelmine Germany.
Partiendo de Alfred Weber, los autores del texto de referencia consideran varios factores, entre los que destacan: la eficiencia de la produccion, la evolucion de las tecnologias del transporte, la existencia de economias externas y la aglomeracion economica.
According to Alfred Weber, President and General Manager, BorgWarner Morse TEC, 'As car makers strive to meet drivers' demands for performance and fuel economy while complying with increasingly stringent emissions regulations, the new BorgWarner CTA technology for variable cam timing has emerged as an important option for optimising the method of achieving variable cam timing.
If we compare the representation of the bureaucratic system in Das Schloss with the one offered by sociologists of the time, such as Max and Alfred Weber, we can probably detect certain analogies, but more especially noteworthy differences.
The experience of writers and intellectuals is examined in relation to Thomas Mann's Unordnung und fruhes Leid and in Alfred Weber's Die Not der geistigen Arbeiter.
Alfred Weber, president and CEO, Mann+Hummel International and GmbH & Co.