Alfred Victor De Vigny

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Vigny, Alfred Victor De

 

Born Mar. 27, 1797, in Loches, in the department of Indre-et-Loire; died Sept. 17, 1863, in Paris. Count; French writer.

Vigny served in the royal army from 1814 to 1827. In 1822 he published his first collection, Poems. In the historical novel The Fifth of March (vols. 1-2, 1826; Russian translation, 1829-30) he idealized the noble youth of the 17th century from the point of view of a militant aristocratic philosophy. The historical drama La Maréchale d’Ancre (1831) depicts the epoch of feudal disarray in France after the death of Henry IV. In the psychological drama Chatterton (1835; Russian translation, 1836), which is based on an episode from his novel Stello, or the Blue Devils (1832; Russian translation, 1835), Vigny portrays the tragic situation of the poet in bourgeois society. The novel Servitude and Military Grandeur (1835; Russian translations, 1915 and 1968) is based on memoirs from military service. The collections The Fates (1863) and A Poet’s Diary (1867) were published posthumously.

Not accepting bourgeois relations but at the same time seeing the decadence of the nobility, Vigny did not entertain the illusions of the reactionary romantics about the restoration of the old order. This explains the somber pessimism of his work and his depiction of the suffering individual who alone rises above the crowd (as, for example, in the poem The Death of the Wolf, 1843). In his later poems (the collection The Fates) Vigny partially abandoned his pessimistic philosophy and expressed faith in progress. His poetry, which had an influence on the Parnassians, is distinguished by a severity of form in which thought prevails over sentiment. In the structure of his verse Vigny is close to classicism. The theomachist themes of his poetry also differentiate him from the reactionary romantics.

WORKS

Oeuvres completes, vols. 1-12. Paris, 1913-14.
Oeuvres completes. Preface by P. Viallaneix. Paris, 1965. Poèmes. Paris, 1966.
In Russian translation: [“Stikhotvoreniia.”] In Frantsuzskie liriki XIX veka. Translation in verse and biobibliographical annotations by V. Briusov. St. Petersburg [1909].
Chatterton. Leningrad-Moscow, 1957.

REFERENCES

Oblomievskii, D. D. Frantsuzskii romantizm. Moscow, 1947.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Etkind, E. Seminarii po frantsuzskoi stilistike, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
France, A. Alfred de Vigny: Etude, Oeuvres completes, vol. 1. Paris, 1925.
Lauvrière, E. Alfred de Vigny: Sa vie et son oeuvre, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1945.
Viallaneix, P. Vigny par lui-même. [Paris, 1964.]
Eigeldinger, M. A. de Vigny. [Paris, 1965.]
Doolittle, J. A. de Vigny. New York [1967].

M. N. CHERNEVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
You have to scan the vistas of the past if you are searching for a future, wrote French poet Alfred de Vigny.
In its earliest formation, studied here through (among others) Chateaubriand, Mme de Stael, Edouard Alletz, Alfred de Vigny, and Victor Hugo, the figure of the poetic genius opened up the question of how a genius might express the inmost being or ingenium of a collective while remaining alien to, or unassimilable with, that collective; genius is the term used to describe how the artist gives back to a collective an image of itself that it cannot recognize.
Silence can be very dignified, and very effective too, as French 19th-century poet, Alfred de Vigny, pointed out in his poem "La Mort du Lap" (the death of a wolf).
Del Gongora colombiano al espanol pasando por otros escritores-poetas del Pacifico colombiano, el poeta romantico colombiano Rafael Pombo, Rimbaud y Corbiere, Alfred de Vigny, su lirica deja constancia de influencias esteticas de las lecturas durante sus vagabundeos por el mundo geografico y de aportes de fuentes de la literatura de otros paises.
In their campaign, these publishers were supported by a handful of authors, including Honore de Balzac, Alphonse Karr, Alphonse de Lamartine, and Alfred de Vigny, all of whom penned letters and essays in favor of the extension of literary property.
Marceline was the only woman that acclaimed French poet Paul Verlaine placed in a prestigious or "accursed" group that included Victor Hugo Charles Baudelaire and Alfred de Vigny.
El siglo veinte, sus musicos sabios, Te han olvidado un poco, pero tu estas Viva y puedes incluso en la pendiente, Tocar el cenit, perpetuar Todas las elites, porque en el verbo Tallas tus pepitas, la poesia, De la que eres amiga, con Malherbe, Alfred de Vigny, La Boetie, Propercio, Horacio, Homero, Char, Catulo, Cendrars, Rimbaud, Virgilio, Baudelaire, Licofron de Calcis, Norge, Tibulo, Ronsard, Verlaine, Jouve, Apollinaire, Y todos los demas, ni menos grandes ni menos bellos, La poesia que llevas y cantas, Brilla mas alto y tu eres el heraldo, El panegirista de la Voz del mundo, intentas Liberar a los pueblos de sus cadenas, Y eres la paz que se desencadena.
They surround a lovely 15th Century chateau which houses a museum about the famous French poet Alfred de Vigny, who once owned the estate.
Dicho documento resulta valioso por cuanto evidencia la faceta ensayistica de Romeo Murga y expone las voces que de algun modo ejercieron cierta influencia en su creacion literaria: Victor Hugo, Alfred de Musset, Alfred de Vigny, Sainte Beuve, Theophile Gautier y otros.
Alfred de Vigny in his novel, Cinq-Mars (1826), suggested that all the ills of France stemmed from Richelieu's attack on the nobility.
The activities of this group, which included Hugo, Alphonse de Lamartine, Alfred de Vigny, and Alfred de Musset, are described in the Memoires of Alexandre Dumas pere.