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United States based National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa), a global authority on marine biology, said that red tide or "harmful algal blooms, HABs, occur when colonies of algae-simple plants that live in the sea and freshwater-grow out of control while producing toxic or harmful effects on people, fish, shellfish, marine mammals, and birds.
Algicidal from marine bacteria play an important role by killing or inhibiting the growth of harmful algal bloom in coastal sea water where red tides occur frequently [11].
Algal blooms are associated with a variety of aquatic organisms capable of using photosynthesis for energy.
Lake Erie has experienced harmful algal blooms and severe oxygen-depleted "dead zones" for years, a condition that was widely thought to be the result of high levels of plant nutrients washing into the lake from farming operations in the watershed.
By studying these signatures, researchers can improve their ability to remotely identify the biochemical properties of an algal bloom and predict when and where they will form.
To support research and authorize funding, Congress passed the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act in 1998 and expanded it in 2004.
Across the state, some lakes like Chautauqua are showing colors caused by algal blooms.
According to the report, the algal bloom, which is not toxic to humans or animals, can potentially harm the marine life and change the ecology of the environment beneath it as it blocks sunlight from entering the ocean and sucks oxygen from the water suffocating marine life.
Algal blooms are more common during the spring and fall when there are higher water temperatures and greater movements of the ocean currents, according to a spokesman for the NSW Office of Water.
The National Harmful Algal Bloom Committee (NHC) has elected Dr.
The algae spread, causing what's known as an algal bloom.