Algonquin

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Related to Algonkin: Algonquin Tribe

Algonquin

(ălgŏng`kwĭn, –kĭn), small group of Native North Americans. The name of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (to which they belonged) is derived from their name (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They were among the first Native Americans with whom the French formed alliances, and their name was used to designate other tribes in the area. Despite French aid, they were dispersed in the 17th cent. by the Iroquois, and the remnants of the tribe found refuge chiefly near white settlements of the Ottawa River valley in W Quebec and E Ontario. There were close to 6,000 Algonquin in Canada in 1991. The name is also spelled Algonkin.

Algonquin

, Algonkin
1. a member of a North American Indian people formerly living along the St Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers in Canada
2. the language of this people, a dialect of Ojibwa
3. a variant of Algonquian
References in periodicals archive ?
My own river, the Ottawa, was the centre of the Algonkin people's world; indeed, its watershed was their political and cultural region.
Brinton, lecturing in 1890 described the Algonkin tribe as "on a par with the famed heroes of antiquity."(4) Public sculpture earlier in the nineteenth century speaks the same language, fashioning the Indian as a neoclassical nude, imbued with the same qualities as classical heroes through the use of ennobling white marble, and the metaphysically resonant forms of the ideal body.
For example, in the relation for 1636 Paul LeJeune presented the French translation of a brief speech given by an Algonkin upon presenting to the French commandant at Quebec a young Iroquois woman who had been taken captive: