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a group of linguistically related Indian tribes, the earliest inhabitants of North America; they were hunters, fishermen, and early farmers.

The Algonquins lived in the vast expanse from the Atlantic coast to the Rocky Mountains. Territorially, four groups of Algonquins can be distinguished: northeastern—including the Cree, Montaignais, Naskapi, and Micmac; Atlantic—including the Abnaki, Narraganset, Massachuset, and Powhatan—who were almost completely exterminated in the early stages of the European colonization of the continent; central—including the Mohegan, Delaware, Miami, Illinois, Ottawa, Ojibway, Shawnee, the Algonquin proper, and Menominee—who left their mark on the toponymy; and western—Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Atsina. Remnants of Algonquin tribes live on reservations in the USA (100,000) and in Canada (75,000; 1961). The Salishan (12,000 in the USA, 15,000 in Canada) and the Wakashan (6,000 in Canada), tribes who live on the Pacific shore of North America, are linguistically close to the Algonquins.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.