Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

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Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali

(zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub KhanAyub Khan, Muhammad
, 1907–74, military leader and president (1958–69) of Pakistan. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II.
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. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963. Critical of the Indo–Pakistan agreement ending the 1965 war, he left the government and formed (1967) the Pakistan People's party. In the 1970 elections his party won a majority in West Pakistan, but East Pakistan's Awami LeagueAwami League,
political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a
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, led by Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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, won an overall majority. Bhutto's refusal to meet Mujibur's demands for East Pakistan's autonomy or for participation in the government led to the (1971) civil war and Indian intervention. (see India-Pakistan WarsIndia-Pakistan Wars,
name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan since 1947, when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned and the two countries became independent of Great Britain. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947–48, 1965, and 1971.
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). When Pakistan was defeated, losing East Pakistan in Dec., 1971, Bhutto took over the presidency. In 1973, under a new constitution, he became prime minister instead, retaining government control. In Feb., 1974, he recognized the former East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Bhutto was reelected in 1977, but was overthrown in a coup by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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. Removed from office, Bhutto was convicted of conspiracy to murder. He was executed in 1979, despite international protests.

Bibliography

See his If I Am Assassinated (1979). See also S. Kulmar, The New Pakistan (1979); S. J. Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971–1977 (1980).

References in periodicals archive ?
LARKANA -- Deputy Commissioner Larkana, Kashif Ali Tipu, reviewed the arrangements for 39th Death Anniversary of former Prime Minister and founding chairman of PPP Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto which is to be held at Garhi Khuda Bux Bhutto on April 04.
He said that Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto were proud of their Jiyalas and he also cherished Jiyalas of the party.
Chairman Pakistan Peoples' Party Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has appreciated the Sindh Government for announcing People's Labour Policy, exactly after an interval of 46 years when first-ever and historic Labour Policy unveiled by the then Prime Minister Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on February 10, 1972.
wreath at the grave of founder Chairman of PPP and Former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, former Chairperson of PPP and First Lady Begum Nusrat Bhutto,late Shireen Amir Begum, the first wife of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and laid floral wreaths at their grave.
He said Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was the founder of the country's nuclear programme.
RAWALPINDI -- PPP Rawalpindi chapter failed to bring together old party workers and leaders to celebrate the 90th birth anniversary of PPP founding father Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as both held separate functions on Friday.
MIRPURKHAS -- Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Co-chairperson Asif Ali Zardari said on Friday that although he is not party founder Zulfikar Ali Bhutto but he shares his ideals and his spirit.
Zardari says political ideal of founding chairman has inspired and will continue to inspire generations to comeKARACHI: Pakistan People's Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has said that Pakistanis were deeply missing their beloved leader Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as the current internal and external situation requires a political sagacity of his calibre to handle the current affairs.
He said the name of Mohtarma was kept by Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and she indeed was Benazir (matchless).
Pakistan People's Party (PPP) leader Raza Rabbani said on Monday that the judicial murderofformer prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was an international conspiracy.
Meanwhile, Pakistan People\'s Party (PPP) leader Malik Shoaib Khan Advocate has said Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was still alive in the hearts of masses because of his sacrifice for the country.
Bhutto, widow of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, former prime minister and founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), was the chairperson of the party from 1979-1983 before her daughter Benazir Bhutto took over the reins.