Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

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Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali

(zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub KhanAyub Khan, Muhammad
, 1907–74, military leader and president (1958–69) of Pakistan. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II.
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. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963. Critical of the Indo–Pakistan agreement ending the 1965 war, he left the government and formed (1967) the Pakistan People's party. In the 1970 elections his party won a majority in West Pakistan, but East Pakistan's Awami LeagueAwami League,
political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a
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, led by Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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, won an overall majority. Bhutto's refusal to meet Mujibur's demands for East Pakistan's autonomy or for participation in the government led to the (1971) civil war and Indian intervention. (see India-Pakistan WarsIndia-Pakistan Wars,
name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan since 1947, when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned and the two countries became independent of Great Britain. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947–48, 1965, and 1971.
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). When Pakistan was defeated, losing East Pakistan in Dec., 1971, Bhutto took over the presidency. In 1973, under a new constitution, he became prime minister instead, retaining government control. In Feb., 1974, he recognized the former East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Bhutto was reelected in 1977, but was overthrown in a coup by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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. Removed from office, Bhutto was convicted of conspiracy to murder. He was executed in 1979, despite international protests.


See his If I Am Assassinated (1979). See also S. Kulmar, The New Pakistan (1979); S. J. Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971–1977 (1980).

References in periodicals archive ?
MIRPUR (AJK) -- The 49th Founding Day of Pakistan People Party (PPP) was observed across Azad Jammu and Kashmir on Monday with the renewal of the pledge to continue the mission of the party's founder Chief late Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto for the prosperity of the country.
KARACHI -- The Fourth death anniversary of Begum Nusrat Bhutto former chairperson of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) - the wife of former PM Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto and the mother of former PM Benazir Bhutto, would be observed today on Friday.
Addressing a PPP rally held here on Friday to observe International Labour Day on May 01, he said that Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto enforced labour policy for the first time in 1972 in the country whereas the Punjab Government was just considering today the formulation of labour policy.
He also said the journey started by the late Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and carried on by Benazir Bhutto to strengthen the country was full of crises, problems and sacrifices.
Bhutto, widow of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, former prime minister and founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), was the chairperson of the party from 1979-1983 before her daughter Benazir Bhutto took over the reins.
TIMARGARA -- Peoples' Youth Organisation (PYO) Monday observed foundation day of PPP here, paying rich tribute to PPP founder Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto for his efforts for strengthening of democracy and welfare of poor people.
Born in 1941, Pirzada was one of the founding members of Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and provided his legal services as an advisor and aid to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto - the former prime minister of Pakistan.
LARKANA -- The 36th death anniversary of founder-chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and former prime minister Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is being observed today Saturday).
A seminar would be held at Sukkur House in which services of Shaheed Quaid Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto would be remembered.
Addressing a party gathering in front of the Bhutto Mausoleum at Garhi Khuda Bux, on eve of 36th death anniversary of founder PPP and former Prime Minister of Pakistan Shaheed Zulifqar Ali Bhutto, she paid rich tribute to brave legend leader who sacrificed of his life for country and masses on the occasion.
PARACHINAR -- Pakistan Peoples' Party workers paid rich tribute to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on his death anniversary on Friday.
SUKKUR -- One-day national seminar on the role of Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in national and international politics was held at Shah Abdul Latif University (SALU), Khairpur on Friday.