Ali Kosh

Ali Kosh


a settlement of the Neolithic period (eighth to sixth millennium B.C.), near Musian in Iran. It was excavated by an American expedition in 1961 and 1963. Clay houses and numerous flint tools have been found in the lower layers. The inhabitants practiced hunting, gathering, and some farming (wheat and barley grains have been found); and they had domesticated the goat. Later, farming and animal husbandry became the main elements of the economy, the sheep was domesticated, and obsidian tools came into use. Ceramics appeared in the early sixth millennium B.C. The excavations of Ali Kosh make it possible to reestablish the development of the productive economy in the lowlands of the Near East.


Hole, F., and K. V. Flannery. “Excavations at Ali Kosh.” Iranica antiqua’, 1962, vol. 2, fasc. 2.


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During the 1960s, Frank Hole and Kent Flannery, two younger members of the Braidwood Iranian Prehistoric Project of the Oriental Institute, concentrated their attention on the lowland plain of Deh Luran, south-western Iran, seeking evidence for the expansion of early sedentism to the lower altitudes with promising results obtained from the aceramic and early ceramic site of Ali Kosh (Hole et al.
In 1996, another lowland aceramic early Neolithic site (Chogha Bonut; Alizadeh 2003) was excavated in lowland Susiana, south-western Iran, that closely reflected the results obtained at Ali Kosh.
However, goats from these sites, Ganj Dareh and Ali Kosh, fall within the size range of a sample of modern wild-goat skeletons, Zeder found in a preliminary study.
The Ganj Dareh and Ali Kosh samples contain a large proportion of bones from young males, the scientists report in the March 24 SCIENCE.
From 1961 to 1963 Frank Hole and Kent Flannery excavated at Tappeh Ali Kosh, Tappeh Sabz, and Tappeh Musiyan focusing on early village life and initial stages of plant and animal domestication in the area.
Tappeh Ali Kosh (DL-21): virtually untouched; but, of course, after nearly 40 years, the old excavation trenches have all been partially eroded and refilled (FIGURE 1).