Ali Kosh

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ali Kosh


a settlement of the Neolithic period (eighth to sixth millennium B.C.), near Musian in Iran. It was excavated by an American expedition in 1961 and 1963. Clay houses and numerous flint tools have been found in the lower layers. The inhabitants practiced hunting, gathering, and some farming (wheat and barley grains have been found); and they had domesticated the goat. Later, farming and animal husbandry became the main elements of the economy, the sheep was domesticated, and obsidian tools came into use. Ceramics appeared in the early sixth millennium B.C. The excavations of Ali Kosh make it possible to reestablish the development of the productive economy in the lowlands of the Near East.


Hole, F., and K. V. Flannery. “Excavations at Ali Kosh.” Iranica antiqua’, 1962, vol. 2, fasc. 2.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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However, goats from these sites, Ganj Dareh and Ali Kosh, fall within the size range of a sample of modern wild-goat skeletons, Zeder found in a preliminary study.
The Ganj Dareh and Ali Kosh samples contain a large proportion of bones from young males, the scientists report in the March 24 SCIENCE.
Settlement of Ali Kosh occurred 500 to 1,000 years later and lasted about 500 years.