Ali Pasha


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Ali Pasha

(älē` päshä`), 1744?–1822, Turkish pasha [military governor] of Yannina (now IoánninaIoánnina
, city (1991 pop. 56,699), capital of Ioánnina prefecture, NW Greece, in Epirus, on Lake Ioánnina. The chief city of Epirus, it is the commercial center for an agricultural region. Manufactures include textiles and gold and silver products.
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, Greece), a province of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). He was called the Arslan [lion] of Yannina. His father, governor at Tepelene in S Albania, was murdered, and Ali went to live with the mountain brigands who infested the country. He soon rose to leadership among them, came to the attention of the Turkish government, and as its agent put down the rebellion of a governor at Scutari in Albania. About 1787 he became governor of Yannina, where his power grew until he ruled as a quasi-independent despot over most of Albania and Epirus. He made war on the French along the Adriatic coast and entered an alliance (1814) with Great Britain. Valuing Ali's services, the sultan let him do as he wished until, in 1820, Ali ordered the assassination of an opponent in Constantinople. Sultan Mahmud II ordered Ali deposed. Ali refused to comply, thus keeping Turkish troops engaged against himself while they were needed against the Greeks, who had begun their fight for independence. Ali was assassinated by an agent of the Turks; his head was exhibited at Constantinople. The wild yet cultured court of Ali was described by French and English visitors, notably by Byron in Childe Harold.

Ali Pasha

 

(also Ali Pasha Tepelenë and Ali Pasha of Ioan-nina). Born circa 1744; died May 2, 1822. Albanian feudal lord from Tepelenë (southern Albania), ruler of a considerable part of the Balkan peninsula. Taking advantage of the disintegration of the center of power of the Ottoman Empire, he occupied Ioannina (northern Greece) in 1787, then extended his power to include a considerable portion of Albania and Greece with a population in 1812 of nearly 1.5 million. He maintained his own army and navy and carried on relations with foreign states. Internecine strife decreased within Ali Pasha’s domains and secure trade routes were established. Feudal exploitation of the peasantry, on the other hand, increased. In June 1820, Sultan Mahmud II initiated a war against Ali Pasha in the course of which Ali was defeated and killed.

REFERENCE

Arsh, G. L. Albaniia i Epir ν kontse XVIII-nachale XIX v. Moscow, 1963.

Ali Pasha

known as the Lion of Janina. 1741--1822, Turkish pasha and ruler of Albania (1787--1820), who was deposed and assassinated after intriguing against Turkey
References in periodicals archive ?
This was Mir Mahboub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah the Sixth or the Sixth Nizam of Hyderabad who was endearingly referred to by his subjects as Mahboub Ali Pasha or the Beloved and still remembered as such in the stories passed from generation to generation.
choosing a compromise over the heroic dance of Zalongo," referring to a notorious 19th-century mass suicide in northern Greece when a group of women and children jumped to their deaths rather than submit to the cruel Ottoman governor Ali Pasha.
It was woven and designed with devotion under the supervision of the Khedive Ismail Pasha, the ruler of Egypt at the time, the grandson of Muhammad Ali Pasha, considered to be the founder of modern Egypt, and the ruler of Egypt between the years 1805 to 1848.
For readers familiar with the wider Ottoman world of the nineteenth century, it might have been more fruitful to place the reforming zeal of Ahmad Bey in the context of his earlier Egyptian counterpart, Muhammad Ali Pasha, as well as the early Tanzimat reforms of the 1840s.
A junior reporter for a local paper in the 1950s meets a Henry Friston who has a tortoise called Ali Pasha.
two Roman mausoleums on the plain; Roman tombs; the Great Basilica; the medieval church and cemetery; the western defenses; the city walls; the Venetian city in the 16th-18th centuries; the Ottoman castle of Ali Pasha.
This museum was previously dedicated as the residence of Mohamed Ali Pasha, the founder of modern Egypt, who ruled from 1805 -1848, his family, and his harem.
By Yeganeh Torbati, Reuters/Dubai These should be prosperous days for Ali Pasha, who owns a tourism company in Dubai that arranges holidays for those seeking a break in the sunny Gulf emirate.
The first Saudi state was destroyed by the Ottoman's viceroy, Mohammad Ali Pasha.
In better weather it would usually be thronged with tourists drawn to its shops, cafes and the Ali Pasha Museum - housed in the former monastery where the Ottoman tyrant held out for his last two years.
This war had in fact been preceded by another in 1840, which had erupted after the retreat of Muhammad Ali Pasha, who had collaborated with Emir Bashir II, from the Levant.
But when the assassination plot against Grand Vizier Ali Pasha by Vocationfailed in June 1867 and the group involved (400 people) was arrested, the remaining activists in Paris returned to the Ottoman Empire and most of them made their peace with the government.