Ali Sardar Jafri

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jafri, Ali Sardar


Born Nov. 29, 1913, in Balrampur near Gonda. Indian writer and public figure. Writes in Urdu. Graduated from the university in New Delhi. Member of the Indian Communist Party since 1936. One of the founders of the Association of Indian Folk Theaters.

Jafri is the author of the collections of poetry and narrative poems Greetings to the New World (1947), Torch of Peace (1950), Asia Has Awakened (1950), and The Stone Wall (1953) and poems about Moscow. The antifascist play Whose Blood Is This? (1943) enjoyed great success. The basic feature of Jafriïs innovative style is the extensive use of blank verse and other meters previously unknown in Urdu poetry. In the book Progressive Literature (1951), Jafri shed light on the history of Indian literature from a progressive social and aesthetic point of view. He prepared and published classic Urdu writings by Ghalib and Mir Taki Mir.


In Russian translation:
Tak rozhdaiutsia zvezdy. [Moscow, 1968.]


Said Ehtisham, Husein. Istoriia literatury urdu. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from Hindi.)
Mukhamedov, N. Ali Sardar Dzhafri i ego poeziia. Tashkent, 1969. (Bibliography.)
Prakash, Pandit. Adzh ke urdu shair aur unki shairi. New Delhi, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The progressive poets Faiz Ahmad Faiz and Ali Sardar Jafri were his friends during college day, who impressed him and became his role models.
The recommendations of the Gujral Committee (1975), the Ale Ahmad Suroor Committee (1979) and the Ali Sardar Jafri Committee (1990) to revive and popularise Urdu have never been implemented.
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My father Kaifi Azmi, the member of Communist Party of India (CPI), shared a flat with comrades such as Ali Sardar Jafri and Sawantji.
Eminent Urdu poet and literary figure of repute Ali Sardar Jafri raised a valid point when I interviewed him way back in 1991.
I tempted Imrana by saying that she would be in good company because the publishing house has authors and poets of the calibre of Sajjad Zaheer, Sibte Hasan, Mushtaq Yousufi, Ali Sardar Jafri, Kaifi Azmi, Javed Akhtar and Gulzar on its list.
The current impasse would probably have tested even the patience and yearning of Indian writer-poet Ali Sardar Jafri had he been alive, and who, made a happy offer in more tranquil times:
Recalling his childhood, he said he and his siblings had the good fortune of playing in the presence of legendary Urdu stalwarts like Majrooh Sultanpuri, Jan Nisar Akhtar, Ali Sardar Jafri and Jagan Nath Azad.
During her two-and-a-half-decade service at QBS Radio she interviewed literary and social personalities from India and Pakistan including Majruh Sultanpuri, Hafeez Meerthi, Ali Sardar Jafri, Kaifi Azami, Shams-ur-Rehman Farouqi, Kalim Ahmed Ajaiz, Tabish Dehlvi as well as Bollywood giants Dileep Kumar and Kishore Kumar.
They said writers such as Allama Iqbal, Ali Sardar Jafri, Gulzar, Abdur Rab Nishtar, Zafar Ali Khan, Amrita Pritam, Ismat Chughtai, Makhdoom Mohinuddin, Sajjad Zaheer Ahmad Ali and others supported the Two-Nation Theory and Pakistan Movement, which played a pivotal role in gaining a new state.
The speakers said that writers like Allama Iqbal, Ali Sardar Jafri, Gulzar, Abdur Rab Nishtar, Zafar Ali Khan, Amrita Pritam, Ismat Chughtai, Makhdoom Mohin-ud-Din, Sajjad Zaheer Ahmad Ali and others supported the two nation theory and Pakistan Movement, which played a crucial role in achievement of a new nation-state, Pakistan, for Muslims.
This is where his friends lived - Balraj Sahni, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Ismat Chughtai, Ali Sardar Jafri. Today, I took a taxi, and as I drove past Marine Drive, all those memories came flooding in.