Ali Pasha(redirected from Ali Tebelin)
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(also Ali Pasha Tepelenë and Ali Pasha of Ioan-nina). Born circa 1744; died May 2, 1822. Albanian feudal lord from Tepelenë (southern Albania), ruler of a considerable part of the Balkan peninsula. Taking advantage of the disintegration of the center of power of the Ottoman Empire, he occupied Ioannina (northern Greece) in 1787, then extended his power to include a considerable portion of Albania and Greece with a population in 1812 of nearly 1.5 million. He maintained his own army and navy and carried on relations with foreign states. Internecine strife decreased within Ali Pasha’s domains and secure trade routes were established. Feudal exploitation of the peasantry, on the other hand, increased. In June 1820, Sultan Mahmud II initiated a war against Ali Pasha in the course of which Ali was defeated and killed.