APRA

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APRA

(ä`prä) or the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana, reformist political party in Peru, also called the Partido Aprista. Founded (1924) by Victor Raúl Haya de la TorreHaya de la Torre, Víctor Raúl
, 1895–1979, Peruvian political leader, founder of the APRA party. Although he never held power and spent much of his political life in exile or in prison, he had great influence on contemporary hemispheric politics.
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 while in exile, the party's activities in Perú were led by José Carlos MariáteguiMariátegui, José Carlos
, 1895–1930, Peruvian writer and political leader. Of a poor family, he was a tubercular from childhood but rose to prominence as a self-taught journalist. He studied in Europe and became a confirmed Marxist.
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 until 1927, when he left to found the Socialist party. Haya de la Torre returned to Peru in 1931 and continued his work with the Apristas. The party advocated social reform, the emancipation of indigenous peoples, improvement of agrarian conditions, and the socialization of some industries. Originally committed to revolutionary change, the party gradually became less radical. Implicated in acts of political terror, the Apristas were outlawed from 1931 to 1945. While underground, the Apristas engaged in continual gun battles with the military, thus creating an enduring enmity between the two groups. In 1945 the party was legalized, and joined in a coalition government under José Luis Bustamente. In 1948, an abortive revolt of dissident Apristas in the port city of Callao brought the country to the verge of civil war, sparking a coup by General Manuel OdríaOdría, Manuel
, 1897–1974, president of Peru (1948–56). A conservative general, he became army chief of staff in 1946 and seized power (1948) after leading an anti-APRA coup that forced Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre to seek asylum.
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; APRA was again outlawed. The party was legalized (1956) when Manuel Prado, a conservative, was elected president with its support. In the 1962 presidential election, Haya de la Torre won a slight plurality. The military, ever distrustful of the party, immediately intervened to prevent Haya from taking office. They withdrew the following year and APRA again resumed activities. In 1968, a group of left wing officers, led by Gen. Juan Velasco AlvaradoVelasco Alvarado, Juan
, 1910–77, president of Peru (1968–75). Born of working class parents, he entered the army (1929) and rose to the rank of general. As army commander in chief, he led (1968) the junta that deposed President Belaúnde Terry after his
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, seized power and outlawed all political parties, including the Apristas. Haya de la Torre died in 1979, one year before democracy was restored. APRA finally gained power in 1985 following the electoral victory of Aprista leader Alan García. García's government, though beginning with great promise, became mired in scandal, economic crisis, and its failure to confront the growing political violence caused by guerrillas and drug traffickers. The Aprista candidate lost the 1990 elections to a political unknown, Alberto FujimoriFujimori, Alberto
, 1938–, president of Peru (1990–2000), b. Lima, Peru. The son of Japanese immigrants, he was educated in Peru and attended Univ. of Wisconsin. Fujimori was an unknown economist when he scored an upset in the 1990 presidential elections.
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. Following Fujimori's suspension of the constitution and the dissolution of congress, the party boycotted the 1992 elections for a new constituent assembly. The party did participate in the 1995 elections but won only a few seats in the congress. Former president García was again the party's presidential candidate in 2001, when he lost, and 2006, when he won.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA) Deputy Mauricio Mulder said that, since President Humala can't be sanctioned, the prime minister is the one who must face political sanction.
Al tiempo se reencontro con sus amigos exiliados de Guatemala, entre ellos Nico Lopez de Cuba e Hilda Gadea del Peru--militante de la Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (Apra)--con quien se caso en agosto de 1955; en febrero de 1956 nacio en el Hospital Ingles su primera hija, Hilda Beatriz Guevara.
Pertenece a la Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana, APRA, creada en 1924 por Victor Raul Haya de la Torre como partido marxista, posicion que Haya abandono despues.
Backers of the recall effort received support from former President Alan Garcia of the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA, Partido Aprista Peruano), while those calling for a No vote were backed by leftist parties and unions as well as rightist leaders such as former presidential candidate Pedro Pablo Kuczinsky, former President Alejandro Toledo of Peru Posible (PP), the longtime former leader of the Partido Popular Cristiano (PPC) Luis Bedoya Reyes and the current PPC leader Lourdes Flores Nano, who ran against Villaran in the 2010 mayoral election.
De hecho su partido, la Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA), alento y aprobo en el Congreso una ley anti-ONG.
Obtuvo el 20 por ciento de los votos y paso a la segunda ronda electoral junto con Vargas, al que le gano ampliamente con el apoyo tacito de Garcia, pero con los votos de su partido, la Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana, APRA.
A slowing economy, numerous social conflicts, a large number of irregular contracts, millions of dollars in state debt--these are some of the pearls that the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA) government of Alan Garcia leaves President-elect Ollanta Humala, of Gana Peru, who took office on July 28.
Sin sorpresas, tal y como se esperaba, en Peru se impuso la alianza de la oligarquia peruana con el "mal menor" como fue denominado Alan Garcia de la Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (ARPA), quien gano la segunda vuelta electoral en ese pais con mas del 55.
4% of the votes counted, the Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales (ONPE) gives Gana Peru 47 seats; Fuerza 2011, 37; Peru Posible, 21; Alianza por el Gran Cambio, 12; Solidaridad Nacional, nine; and the governing Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA), four.
Tanto Humala Tasso, de Unidad por el Peru (UPP), como Garcia Perez, de la Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA) volvieron a exponer sus ofertas politicas tratando de cautivar al 20 por ciento de electores indecisos que si podrian influir en la votacion final de este 4 de junio
During the celebration, the mayor presented the City of Lima Medal to the historic leader of the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA), also called the Partido Aprista Peruana (PAP), Armando Villanueva del Campo, who is hospitalized in the city.

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