After the historian Ruth Bordin's words on Henry James' characters (Alice Freeman Palmer
: The Evolution of a New Woman, 1993), the term 'New Woman' expressed "American expatriates living in Europe: women of affluence and sensitivity, who despite or perhaps because of their wealth exhibited an independent spirit and were accustomed to acting on their own.
"For I remember it is Easter morn, and life and peace are all new born." - Alice Freeman Palmer
After a chance encounter in her senior year with Alice Freeman Palmer
, the second president of Wellesley College, Palmer sponsored Charlotte's education at the State Normal School in Salem.
Thanks to a chance meeting and letter to Wellesley College President Alice Freeman Palmer
, Hawkins was able to spend one year at Salem Normal School before she accepted the teaching position in the South.
1905); The Life of Alice Freeman Palmer
(1908), Intimations of Immortality in the Sonnets of Shakespere (1912), and Formative Types in English Poetry (1918).
Even more, she learned from former Wellesley president Alice Freeman Palmer
, who lived in the Spragues' home while she was dean of women at the new University of Chicago.