aliphatic compound

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Related to Aliphatic Compounds: saturated compounds, Alkanes, Aliphatic hydrocarbon

aliphatic compound

(ăl'əfăt`ĭk), any of a large class of organic compounds whose carbon atoms are joined together in straight or branched open chains rather than in rings. The hydrocarbons of the alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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, alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
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, and alkynealkyne
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds (see chemical bond). Alkynes with one triple bond have the general formula CnH2n−2.
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 series are aliphatic compounds, as are fatty acidsfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
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 and many other compounds. Most compounds containing rings are aromatic compoundsaromatic compound,
any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and compounds that resemble benzene in certain of their chemical properties. Originally applied to a small class of pleasant-smelling chemicals derived from vegetables, it now encompasses a wide diversity
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; compounds that contain a ring but are not aromatic compounds are called alicyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
1991), or more frequently interpreted as analytical artefacts because of evidence of their formation during pyrolysis of aliphatic compounds through cyclisation and aromatisation (Saiz-Jimenez 1994/?
4% in MN-2) and an increase in aliphatic pyrolysis products (sum of n-alkanes, n-alkenes and other aliphatic compounds from 5.
Use of this hydrophobicity index may improve prediction of water repellency from soil properties, as it is a direct measure of the proportion of C in the soil present as aliphatic compounds which cause water repellency.
Infrared microscopy can be used to identify hydrophobic aliphatic compounds in the coating on a single sand grain.
Soils under permanent grassland had higher aggregates stability caused by higher content of aliphatic compounds.
It is not possible (according to the available knowledge) to eliminate the formation of PAH in the obtained oil without elimination or decreasing the aromatization processes via secondary reactions through either a Diels-Alder type reaction or selective cracking of aliphatic compounds resulting in selective concentration of aromatic compounds.
The formation of aromatics via secondary reactions during pyrolysis has been attributed to Diels-Alder type reactions or to gas-phase cracking of aliphatic compounds resulting in selective concentration of aromatic compounds.
Also offers Bromoklor bromo-chlorinated aliphatic compounds effective as high-halogen plasticizers.
Also available are a series of bromo-chlorinated, aliphatic compounds called Bromoklor, which are effective as high-halogen plasticizers.