aliphatic compound

(redirected from Aliphatic hydrocarbon)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

aliphatic compound

(ăl'əfăt`ĭk), any of a large class of organic compounds whose carbon atoms are joined together in straight or branched open chains rather than in rings. The hydrocarbons of the alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
..... Click the link for more information.
, alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and alkynealkyne
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds (see chemical bond). Alkynes with one triple bond have the general formula CnH2n−2.
..... Click the link for more information.
 series are aliphatic compounds, as are fatty acidsfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and many other compounds. Most compounds containing rings are aromatic compoundsaromatic compound,
any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and compounds that resemble benzene in certain of their chemical properties. Originally applied to a small class of pleasant-smelling chemicals derived from vegetables, it now encompasses a wide diversity
..... Click the link for more information.
; compounds that contain a ring but are not aromatic compounds are called alicyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
The segmentation of global aliphatic hydrocarbon market is carried on the basis of the product type, applications, and region.
The chemical structure of VPS contains siloxane bond enveloped by hydrophobic and aliphatic hydrocarbon groups whereas the polar carbonyl and ether groups rendered polyethers high in surface energy.
The aliphatic hydrocarbons are less soluble than the aromatic compounds which are relatively more mobile in water.
Aromatic hydrocarbons are considered to be relatively more toxic and more resistant to microbial degradation than the corresponding normal alkanes, isoalkanes, cycloalkanes, and the unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons [5, 31].
Abbreviations: AH, aliphatic hydrocarbon; AMPL, acetone-mobile phospholipid: DAG, diacylglycerol; FALC, fatty alcohol; FFA, free fatty acid; KET, ketone; ME, methyl ester; PL, phospholipid; ST, cholesterol; TAG, triacylglycerol; WE, wax ester.
Summary: Aliphatic hydrocarbons including resolved aliphatics (C11-C30), isoprenoids (phytane and pristane) and unresolved complex mixture, as well as total aromatic hydrocarbons were analyzed in 25 surface sediment samples represented five sites along Jeddah coast, Red Sea.
The paints & coatings accounts for the largest share in the aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents and thinners market.
Soil respiration exhibited a peak-type course [33] with initial respiration comparable to zero and maximum respiration at day 91 (Figure 1(b)) corresponding to maximum biodegradation of aliphatic hydrocarbons. Using Mann-Whitney test (used due to the absence of normal distribution of the respiration data) insignificant differences between individual variants were revealed; nevertheless, when evaluated jointly, the variants with humates without zeolite (III to VIII) exhibited significantly higher respiration than others.
We were not able to separate the isomers present in the pheromone volatiles collected from females or synthetic stereoisomers with 2 different chiral columns because the enantiomers of branched aliphatic hydrocarbons do not possess a functional group that permits derivatized into diastereoisomers that could be separated by chromatographic methods or by spectroscopic techniques such as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (Meierhenrich et al.
She said patients with aliphatic hydrocarbon poisoning should be observed for 4-6 hours and sent home if there aren't any respiratory symptoms, if pulse oximetry produces normal findings, and if a chest x-ray doesn't detect abnormalities.
A new semi-permanent mold release in an aliphatic hydrocarbon base is specially designed for producing large FRP composite parts like boat hulls, or for applications requiring high productivity and good cosmetic quality, like tubs and shower stalls.
An aliphatic hydrocarbon pendant provides solubility in hydrocarbon environments, such as conventional alkyd systems.