8 128 petrosaviidae 109 124 alismatales
124 107 122 magnoliids 125 122 core_eudicots 127 117 121 pentapetalids 116.
However, considering the most recent phylogeny, Limnobiophyllum must be now included in Lemnoideae of Araceae and within Alismatales
Amborellales 1 1 Nymphaeales 3 2 Austrobaileyales 3 2 Chloranthales 1 1 Magnoliids Cannellales 2 Piperales 5 3 Laurales 7 2 1 Magnoliales 6 3 1 Monocots Acorales 1 Alismatales
13 2 Petrosaviales 1 Dioscoreales 5 2 Pandanales 5 2 Liliales 10 4 Asparagales (incl.
The latest classification system (known as APG system: Angiosperm Phelogeny Group system), of the families and orders of the flowering plants which based largely on DNA sequences of the chloroplast, nuclear ribosomal, and mitochondrial genes, In this system the order Alismatales
put in monocot clad (Fig.
Familia: Araceae Subfamilia: Aroideae
was separated from this cluster for the reason that it belongs to Alismatales
, a root order of monocots [27, 28].
Potamogetonaceae is a small subcosmopolitan monocot family of aquatic herbs with submersed or floating leaves, belonging to the order Alismatales
(Haynes and Holm-Nielsen, 2003).
, many Araceae (including Lemnaceae) have unicarpellate flowers (also the basal genus Gymnostachys; Buzgo, 2001), and some have unistaminate flowers (Mayo et al.
Of the Angiospermae, Poales exhibited the highest number of taxa (40), followed by Alismatales
(17), Myrtales and Lamiales (12 species each).
These occur in Alismatales
(or Alismatidae) mostly.
Araceae Amorphophallus albispathus Hett.
As a result of more intensive sampling and analysis of a larger data set, both in molecular and combined molecular-morphological studies, additional groups, most prominently Tofieldiaceae, Araceae, and other families of Alismatales
sensu Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG, 1998), came into focus as comparatively basal taxa and separated as the next clade (after Acorus) from the remainder of monocots (Chase et al.