(2000a, 2011) argued that the Pennipollis plant was a monocot, since some Alismatales
(including some Araceae) have pollen with a similar loose reticulum and granular infratectal layer, and some have ebracteate male flowers reduced to one stamen.
However, considering the most recent phylogeny, Limnobiophyllum must be now included in Lemnoideae of Araceae and within Alismatales
. Some specimens correspond to angiosperm reproductive organs.
The ecology of Egeria densa Planchon (Liliopsida: Alismatales
): A wetland ecosystem engineer?
This alkaloid is present in members of the Magnoliid clade (Canellales, Piperales, Laurales, and Magnoliales), with many representatives in the Magnoliales (143 Annonaceae and 35 Magnoliaceae species), as well as in phylogenetically distant Angiosperms (Alismatales
, Rosales, Sapindales, Malvales, and Gentianales).
The latest classification system (known as APG system: Angiosperm Phelogeny Group system), of the families and orders of the flowering plants which based largely on DNA sequences of the chloroplast, nuclear ribosomal, and mitochondrial genes, In this system the order Alismatales
put in monocot clad (Fig.1) that included six orders addition to Alismatales
, which included (13) family along with Hydrocharitaceae, that the Hydrilla belong to him .
Agardh) Ouriques & Bouzon, 2000 as Ectocarpus breviarticulatus Magnoliophyta: Liliopsida: Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, 1753 Najadales: Ruppiaceae Magnoliophyta: Liliopsida: Halophila baillonis Ascherson, Alismatales
: Hydrocharitaceae 1874 Magnoliophyta: Magnoliopsida: Avicennia sp.
Recently, the combined application of the trap crop Colocasia esculenta (Araceae: Alismatales
), and biological control agents such as the nuclear polyhedral virus, has been suggested as an ecologically sound strategy to reduce S.
Familia: Araceae Subfamilia: Aroideae
1960; Thobbi 1961; Chari & Patel 1983) including [C.sub.3] plants such as cotton, flax, groundnuts, jute, lucerne, rice, soybeans, tea, tobacco, and vegetables, and [C.sub.4] plants such as taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott; Alismatales
: Araceae) and maize.
Potamogetonaceae is a small subcosmopolitan monocot family of aquatic herbs with submersed or floating leaves, belonging to the order Alismatales
(Haynes and Holm-Nielsen, 2003).