Alexandra(redirected from Alix, Princess von Hesse-Darmstadt)
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(Aleksandra Fedorovna) Born May 25 (June 6), 1872; died July 16, 1918. Russian empress; married Nicholas II on Nov. 14, 1894. Daughter of the Grand Duke Louis IV of Hesse-Darmstadt, her name before marriage was Alix Victoria Helene Louise Beatrice.
Imperious and hysterical, Alexandra exerted great influence on Nicholas II. She was an ardent proponent of unlimited autocracy and the head of the Germanophile group at court. She was extremely superstitious and had boundless faith in the adventurist G. E. Rasputin, who exploited her favor when important political questions were being resolved. During World War I, Alexandra was an advocate of a separate peace with Germany. In March 1917, after the February Revolution, she was arrested and sent to Tobolsk and then to Ekaterinburg, where she was shot along with the rest of the royal family in July 1918 on orders of the Ural’sk Oblast soviet.