All-Italian Confederation of Labor

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

All-Italian Confederation of Labor


(Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro: CGIL), the national trade union organization of Italy.

The CGIL was created on the basis of the so-called Pact of Rome, concluded in 1944 by trade union leaders who were also representatives of the Communist, Socialist, and Christian-Democratic parties. In 1948-49, as a result of a split that was provoked by reactionaries, the supporters of the Christian-Democratic, Social-Democratic, and Republican parties left the CGIL. In 1950 they created their own separate national trade union organizations—the Italian Confederation of Workers’ Trade Unions and the Italian Union of Labor.

A supporter of the class struggle, the CGIL is the most influential and numerically largest of Italy’s trade union organizations. In 1969 it had 3.6 million members. Its leading organizational bodies are the National Assembly, General Council, Executive Committee, and Secretariat. The CGIL is constructed on the industrial principle. It consists (as of 1969) of 37 sector federations and 98 provincial labor offices (inter-branch organizations). The general secretary is L. Lama (elected in 1970). The CGIL belongs to the World Federation of Trade Unions. Its press organ is Rassegna Sindacale.


Candeloro, G. Profsoiuznoe dvizhenie v Italii. Moscow, 1953. (Translated from Italian.)
Rassegna Sindacale, 1960-71.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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