All-Russian Socialist Revolutionary Organization

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

All-Russian Socialist Revolutionary Organization


“the circle of Muscovites,” a revolutionary Narodnik (populist) group of intellectuals and progressive workers who united at the beginning of 1875.

The organization originated in Zurich in 1874, and its active work began in early 1875 in Moscow. The controlling center was called the Administration. The “Muscovites” strove to create a unified organization. They demanded the overthrow of the autocracy and the introduction of political freedom; they also stressed propaganda among the workers of such cities as Moscow, Tula, Kiev, and Odessa. With this goal, S. I. Bardina, B. A. Kaminskaia, V. N. Figner, and others entered factories as workers and created small circles of workers (five to seven people each) whose goal was to prepare for propaganda work in rural areas. The organization included I. S. Dzhabadari, G. F. Zdanovich, A. O. Lukashevich, P. A. Alekseev, I. V. Barinov, and N. Vasil’ey. The Moscow group was discovered by the police in April; by autumn 1875 the whole organization was crushed. In February and March 1877 its participants were sentenced in the Trial of the 50.


Levin, Sh. M. Obshchestvennoe dvizhenie v Rossii v 60-70-e gg. XIX v. Moscow, 1958.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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