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(ăl`ə, ä`lə), [Arab.,=the God]. Derived from an old Semitic root refering to the Divine and used in the Canaanite El, the Mesopotamian ilu, and the biblical Elohim, the word Allah is used by all Arabic-speaking Muslims, Christians, Jews, and others. Allah, as a deity, was probably known in pre-Islamic Arabia. Arabic chronicles suggest a pre-Islamic recognition of Allah as a supreme God, with the three goddesses al-Lat, al-Uzza, and Manat as his "daughters." The Prophet Muhammad, declaring Allah the God of Abraham, demanded a return to a strict monotheism. IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 supplements Allah as the name of God with the 99 most beautiful names (asma Allah al-husna), understood as nondescriptive mnemonic guides to the Divine attributes.


See S. Friedlander, Ninety-Nine Names of Allah (1978).

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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Although the Qur'an of Islam lists ninety-nine names for God, it says most emphatically that la ilah illa' Allah—"there is no God but Allah." Allah is not so much a name as a title. The word means "the God," and it is the name revealed to the prophet Muhammad of the god worshiped by other "people of the book"—that is, Christians and Jews—although they use other names.

Because the Qur'an cannot be translated—that is, any translation is considered merely a study aid, not the true Qur'an—these words are an approximation, but they carry the weight and the essential meaning of Allah.

There is no god but he; That is the witness of Allah, His angels, and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god but he, the Exalted in Power, the Wise. (Qur'an 3:18)

He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and is moreover firmly established on the Throne [of Authority]. He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it. And he is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah sees well all that you do. (57:4)

To Allah belongeth all that is in the heavens and on the earth. Whether ye show what is in your minds or conceal it, Allah calleth you to account for it. He forgiveth whom he pleaseth, and punisheth whom He pleaseth, for Allah hath power over all things. (2:284)

He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward; and he is the Knower of all things. (57:3)

The Religion Book: Places, Prophets, Saints, and Seers © 2004 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



name of god in Islam. Formed from Arabic ilah, (“divinity”) prefixed by the definite article al-; among the Aramaeans, it is alaha. Allah as the supreme god was known among the northern Arabs before Islam. The concept of Allah as the only god, creator of the world, on whom everything depends, was established in the early period of Islam, specifically in the Koran.


Goldziher, I. Lektsii ob islame. St. Petersburg, 1912. (Translated from German.)
Petrushevskii, I. P. Islam v Irane VII-XV vekakh. [Leningrad,] 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


made man from flowing blood. [Islam: Koran, 96:2]


supreme being and pervasive spirit of the universe. [Islam: Leach, 36]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Islam the Muslim name for God; the one Supreme Being
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"I urge you by Allaah to take care of the prayer, for it is the foundation of your religion.
Allaah Almighty Says what means: "You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind.
Anas, may Allaah be pleased with him, was asked how much time was there between their finishing Suhoor and entering the prayer; he said: 'Enough time for the recitation of 50 verses (of the Qur'an).'" [Al-Bukhari] 3- Continuing to eat (Suhoor) even after hearing the Fajr prayer Athaan.
Among these narrations are: 1."Allah will not be Merciful to those who are not merciful to mankind." [Al-Bukhari] 2."Allah does not bestow His mercy except on the merciful among His slaves." [Al-Bukhari] 3."Every good deed will be rewarded tenfold, up to seven hundred times, and Allaah multiplies to whomever he wills." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] 4."Allah Says: Spend, o son of Aadam and I shall spend upon you." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] There is no better time to start making positive changes in our lives than this blessed month.
He used to supplicate: "Allaahumma Ihdini li Ahsan Al-Akhlaaq, la yahdi li ahsaniha illa anta, wa Isrif 'anni sayi'aha, la yasrifu 'Anni sayi'aha illa anta (O Allaah, Guide me to the best morals, as none can guide to the best morals except You, and Save me from bad morals, as none can save me from bad morals except You)." Striving: Acquiring refined morals is a form of guidance that one acquires through exerting great effort.
Allaah Almighty Says (what means): "And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e.
Ibn Al-Munthir, may Allah have mercy upon him, said: "Going to the Eid Prayer on foot is more humble, but whoever goes to it riding is not blamed." 9- Congratulations on the Eid day: There is no harm in congratulating each other on the Day of Eid by saying 'Taqabbalal-Laahu minna wa minkum (may Allah accept from us and you).' Jubayr ibn Nufayr may Allaah have mercy upon him narrated that some of the honorable Companions of the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, used to congratulate each other when meeting on Eid saying, " Taqabbalal-Laahu minna wa minkum (may Allah accept from us and you) ".
It is an easy form of worship with a heavy and great reward from Allaah The Almighty.
And what indicates their superiority are a number of narrations, one of which is the saying of the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "Performance of 'Umrah is an expiation of the sins committed between it and the previous 'Umrah, and the reward of the Hajj which is accepted by Allaah, Most High, is nothing but Paradise." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] 2.
Engage in Thikr (remembrance and mention) of Allaah The Almighty, say good things (e.g.
According to various chemical analyses, dry weather makes Zamzam more saline through evaporation, which is, with Allaah's might, good for the human body.