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Prayagraj, formerly Allahabad (ălˌəhəbădˈ, –bädˈ), city (1991 pop. 844,546), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. It is a district administrative headquarters and trading center and has an airport and a university. Prayagraj is located at the junction of two sacred rivers, the Yamuna and the Ganges, on the site of Prayag, an ancient Indo-Aryan holy city. The confluence is known as Sangam and is visited by thousands of Hindu pilgrims every 12 years. The oldest monument is a pillar (c.242 B.C.) with inscriptions from the reign of Aśoka. The Mughal emperor Akbar founded (late 16th cent.) the fortress and city of Ilahabas or Ilahabad there, which was later renamed Allahbad. The city was the scene of much fighting in the Indian Mutiny (1857). Allahabad was the capital of the United Provinces from 1901 to 1949 and the center of the Indian independence movement. Allahabad was renamed Prayagraj by the state government in 2018, and the change was formally approved by the national government in 2019. There is a museum on the estate of the Nehru family.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in northern India, in the state of Uttar Pradesh at the junction of the Ganges and Jumna rivers. Population, 514,000 (1971). It is a transportation junction. Industries include food and tobacco processing, glass production, and production of religious articles. There is a university and a place of worship for Hindu pilgrims. The stone column of Asoka (c. 242 B.C.) and a fort dating from 1583 are located in the city.

The date of Allahabad’s founding is unknown. In ancient India the city was known as Prayag—a name which is used to this day. The name of Allahabad was given to the city by Akbar, who built the fort of Allahabad near Prayag.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in N India, in SE Uttar Pradesh at the confluence of the Ganges and Jumna Rivers: Hindu pilgrimage centre. Pop.: 990 298 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Department of Biochemistry and Biochemical Engineering, SamHigginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, India.
The study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, India, after obtaining the clearance of ethical committee.
The world renowned performing artist was born into a family of professional musicians in Allahabad, India. Her uncle, Professor Satish Chandra, an artist from the Pt.
UNCERTAIN FUTURE: A woman at a rally in Allahabad, India.
Kumbh Mela: The Greatest Show on Earth BBC Two, 9pm If you think Glastonbury is the biggest gathering of muddy people in the world, then you've clearly never been to Allahabad, India, during the Great Kumbh Mela.
Aiman was born in Allahabad, India, in 1941 and migrated to Lahore, Pakistan, following the partition in 1947.
of Allahabad, India) compiles insights from East and West on the developing brain and cognitive processes.
The celebration is expected to draw as many as 100 million pilgrims to Allahabad, India, this month.
In a rare move, a group of Chinese journalists at the Guangdong paper openly confronted state censors after the paper was forced to turn a sharp editorial calling for constitutional rule into a tribute praising the Communist Party in its reputed New Year''s Message | FRIDAY JANUARY 4: The Co-operative Bank was punished by the regulator after it delayed valid claims for payment protection insurance (PPI) compensation "for no good reason| FRIDAY JANUARY 4: Naga Sadhus, or Naked Hindu holy men, arrive during a religious procession towards the Sangam, the confluence of rivers Ganges, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati, as part of the Mahakumbh festival in Allahabad, India | THURSDAY JANUARY 3: Con Shiels, the last survivor of the 1936 Jarrow March, pictured, has died.
This finding is in contrast to the observation of Sudhashree and his colleagues from Bangalore, India, who reported male to female ratio of 0.7:1.7 Bajaj et al.8 from Allahabad, India, observed male to female ratio of 1.3:1.
A Hindu holy man stands in the backdrop of a tent during the annual Magh Mela festival at Sangam, the confluence of rivers Ganges and Yamuna, in Allahabad, India. Hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims take dips in the confluence, some hoping to wash away sins and others to secure a fine spouse during the month-long festival Picture: RAJESH KUMAR SINGH Picture: COLIN LANE/cl210710cruise-1
guajava collected from the guava garden Khushrobagh, Allahabad, India, were authenticated by Dr Satya Narayan, Taxonomist, Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, India.