A (https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/438/265/case.html) landmark case in 1978 even saw racial quotas ruled as unconstitutional after Allan Bakke
, who was a white student, sued twice after being denied entry into a medical school.
That law in California--where, in 1978, Allan Bakke
, after being denied admission to the UC Davis School of Medicine, sued and won a U.S.
In 1978, the Supreme Court ordered the University of California-Davis Medical School to admit Allan Bakke
, a white man who argued he'd been a victim of reverse racial discrimination.
's case against the Medical School of the University of California at Davis is well known.
In 1978, Californian Allan Bakke
found himself denied entrance to the University of California Medical School, while 16 less-qualified applicants won admission courtesy of an affirmative action program.
Setting the context for Grutter, Parker begins, as do many of the chapters, with historical context, discussing the effective limits within the Ivy League on admitting Jewish students beginning in the 1920s, effort at Southern universities to exclude African-American applicants into the 1960s, and the reverse discrimination lawsuit by Allan Bakke
against the medical school at the University of California, Davis in the 1970s.
These are followed by the mid-1970s backlash, the era of Nathan Glazer's Affirmative Discrimination and the American Federation of Teachers and B'nai B'rith amicus briefs for Allan Bakke
. Meanwhile, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission grows teeth, issues new regulations for the hiring of women and wins back pay for race and gender discrimination at AT&T and Bethlehem Steel.
In 1973 and '74, Allan Bakke
applied to the University of California Medical School.
was a 32-year-old white who applied to the medical school at the University of California at Davis.
, a white medical school applicant, sued the University of California for having reserved 16 of 100 places for members of minority groups.
Although the most recent legal challenges to racial preferences in university admissions vary in their details, they are unified by a common narrative--the same narrative that animated Allan Bakke
's lawsuit against the Davis Medical School over twenty years ago.
lost that competition, and he sued the Davis Medical School, arguing that the special admissions program contravened the Fourteenth Amendment and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.