Allemanists

Allemanists

 

commonly used name for the members of the French Workers’ Social Revolutionary Party, named after their leader, J. Allemane. Formed in October 1890 as a result of a split in the Possibilists.

The Allemanists came out in opposition to the emphasis on parliamentarism and against “doctrines of any kind.” They put economic struggle ahead of political struggle and demanded greater independence for local party organizations; in this respect, they revealed a clear bias toward syndicalism. The ideology of the Allemanists was a mixture of reformist and anarchist ideas. Wholly oriented to trade unions, the Allemanists relegated parties to a secondary position and rejected the idea of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Their agrarian program provided for the preservation of small peasant landholdings even after the liquidation of the capitalist structure. The Allemanists propagandized extensively for a general strike and came out sharply against theGuesdists. In 1905 they joined the united Socialist Party.

REFERENCE

Militsina, T. V. “Allemanisty.” In the collection Sotsialisticheskoe dvizhenie vo Frantsii. Moscow, 1934.