Alloying Elements


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Alloying Elements

 

chemical elements—mainly metals —that are added to alloys to impart specific properties to them. The main alloying elements are the following:

(1) For steel and cast iron: chromium, nickel, manganese, silicon, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, titanium, zirconium, beryllium, niobium, cobalt, aluminum, copper, boron, and magnesium.

(2) For aluminum alloys: silicon, copper, magnesium, zinc, manganese, titanium, and zirconium.

(3) For copper alloys: zinc, tin, lead, aluminum, manganese, iron, nickel, and beryllium.

(4) For magnesium alloys: aluminum, zinc, manganese, and zirconium.

(5) For lead alloys: tin, zinc, and antimony.

(6) For nickel alloys: chromium, iron, titanium, and aluminum.

Alloying elements are usually added to the metal to be alloyed in the form of melts.

References in periodicals archive ?
In this work an attempt was made to interpret the dependence of exponent, calculated for the corrosion process of various steels, on the content of particular alloying element in the metal.
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Alloying elements, deformation rate, ageing temperature and duration has effect on mechanical properties.
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The total low content of alloying elements ensures the economic attractiveness of this steel.
As a result of the extensive 'secondary' oxidation of the alloying elements in casting creep-resisting alloys in air, it is necessary to use the method of bottom pouring of the melt into the casting mould.
During the degassing process, Plant B also will add the other alloying elements in the melt.
In Figure 2 change of power consumption in melting of alloyed steels by the method of melting in molten pool with application of metal oxides as alloying elements is shown.
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Effect of interstitial alloying elements on shape memory properties of Ti-based shape memory alloys.