Alloying Elements

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Alloying Elements


chemical elements—mainly metals —that are added to alloys to impart specific properties to them. The main alloying elements are the following:

(1) For steel and cast iron: chromium, nickel, manganese, silicon, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, titanium, zirconium, beryllium, niobium, cobalt, aluminum, copper, boron, and magnesium.

(2) For aluminum alloys: silicon, copper, magnesium, zinc, manganese, titanium, and zirconium.

(3) For copper alloys: zinc, tin, lead, aluminum, manganese, iron, nickel, and beryllium.

(4) For magnesium alloys: aluminum, zinc, manganese, and zirconium.

(5) For lead alloys: tin, zinc, and antimony.

(6) For nickel alloys: chromium, iron, titanium, and aluminum.

Alloying elements are usually added to the metal to be alloyed in the form of melts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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