Allport, Gordon W.

Allport, Gordon W.

(ôl`pôrt), 1897–1967, American psychologist, b. Montezuma, Ind. One of the first psychologists to study personalitypersonality,
in psychology, the patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion unique to an individual, and the ways they interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situations. A number of theories have attempted to explain human personality.
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, Allport researched human attitudes, prejudices, and religious beliefs. His theory of personality, which rejected both Freudian psychology and behaviorism, emphasized the uniqueness of the individual and the need to treat problems in terms of present conditions as opposed to childhood experiences. He wrote Personality (1937), The Individual and His Religion (1950), and The Nature of Prejudice (1954).

Bibliography

See the study by R. J. Evans (1971).