Almoravids

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Almoravids

(ălmôr`əvĭdz), Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Morocco and Muslim Spain in the 11th and 12th cent. The Almoravids may have originated in what is now MauritaniaMauritania
, officially Islamic Republic of Mauritania, republic (2015 est. pop. 4,182,000), 397,953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km), NW Africa. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Western Sahara in the northwest and north, on Algeria in the northeast, on Mali in the east
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. The real founder was Abd Allah ibn Yasin, who by military force converted a number of Saharan tribes to his own reformed religion and then advanced on Morocco. After his death (c.1059), Yusuf ibn TashfinYusuf ibn Tashfin
, d. 1106, ruler in the dynasty of the Almoravids (c.1059–1106). A Muslim, he led the Berbers in N Africa, continued the conquest of Morocco, took Algeria, and founded (1062) Marrakech, which became his capital.
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 and his brother Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
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 came to power. MarrakechMarrakech
or Marrakesh
, city (1994 pop. 672,478), W central Morocco. The city, renowned for leather goods, is one of the principal commercial centers of Morocco and a major tourist center.
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 was founded in 1062 and was the center of a powerful empire. Called by the Moors in Spain to help stem Christian reconquest, Yusuf entered Andalusia and defeated (1086) Alfonso VI of Castile. He later subdued the local Muslim rulers and governed Muslim Spain and N Morocco (Abu Bakr ruling over S Morocco). The dynasty also pushed south, destroying the ancient state of GhanaGhana
, ancient empire, W Africa, in the savanna region of what is now E Senegal, SW Mali, and S Mauritania. The empire was founded c.6th cent. by Soninke peoples and lay astride the trans-Saharan caravan routes. Its capital was Kumbi Salih (in present-day SE Mauritania).
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. The Almoravids were rough and puritanical, contemptuous of the luxurious Muslim courts in Spain. Their rule was never entirely stable and in the 12th cent. was attacked by the AlmohadsAlmohads
, Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Morocco and Spain in the 12th and 13th cent. It had its origins in the puritanical sect founded by Ibn Tumart, who stirred up (c.1120) the tribes of the Atlas Mts. area to purify Islam and oust the Almoravids.
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, who finally (by 1174) won both Morocco and Muslim Spain.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, she demonstrates (drawing on the work of art historians such as Jonathan Bloom and Miriam Rosser-Owen) how architectural features and specific objects, such as the minbar that 'Ali ibn Yusuf commissioned for the great mosque of Marrakesh, established Almoravid links to an Andalusi-Umayyad heritage and claims to its extension in the Maghrib--and then, when incorporated into the new Kutubiyya mosque in Marrakesh, Almohad links to Umayyad Cordoba.
Let us fight against them [...] for we have no part in King Tashufin's palace neither have we inheritance in the sons of Ali and of his father Yusuf [ibn Tashufin, the first Almoravid leader, d.
Born in Cordova (now Cordoba) in 1126 at the time of the Almoravids, Rushd was widely acknowledged as the Moorish intellectual who had the most profound effect on Western thought, because of his translation of the works of Aristotle.
For more examples of Almoravid fervor, see Alejandro Garcia-Sanjuan, "Jews and Christians in Almoravid Seville as Portrayed by the Islamic Jurist Ibn 'Abdun," Medieval Encounters 14 (2008): 78-98, esp.
But then, the Almoravid Koubba was built in 1117 but only unearthed from centuries' accretion of debris in 1948by a foreign archeologist.
It earns its place on this list as one of the few remaining examples of Almoravid architecture, a style named for the Berber dynasty that once had an empire which stretched more than 3,000km north to south, extending over present-day Morocco, Mauritania, southern Spain and Portugal, western present-day Algeria, and a part of what is now Mali.
(5) Also, QMF's first official release states that it is the descendant of Yusef bin Tashfin (1061-1106 CE), the king of the Almoravid Berber kingdom, who conquered Morocco, founded Marrakesh, and reunited the Muslim Taifa kingdoms in al-Andalus, holding off the Christian reconquista.
In the 11th century, the religiously conservative Almoravid movement swept the Muslim kingdom of Andalusia in reaction to its liberal ways, especially its embrace of progressive thought and acceptance of non-Muslims.
By 1076, Islamic warrior monks (Almoravid or Al Murabitun) completed the conquest of southern Mauritania, defeating the ancient Ghana empire.
The Berber Almoravid dynasty engaged in military conquest and by 1106 had conquered Morocco, the Maghrib as far east as Algiers, and large parts of Spain.