Alois Senefelder

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Alois Senefelder
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Senefelder, Alois


Born Nov. 6, 1771, in Prague; died Feb. 26, 1834, in Munich. German inventor of polygraphic techniques.

In 1796, Senefelder established the possibility of producing forms of relief printing by chemical treatment of limestone. In 1798 he developed lithography, a method of flat-bed (plane) printing. He subsequently designed a lithographic printing press, published the Complete Guide to Lithography (1818), and produced a lithographic reproduction from an oil painting on canvas (1833).


Popov, V. V. Obshchii kurs poligrafii, 6th ed. Moscow, 1964.
Wagner, C. Alois Senefelder: Sein Leben und Wirken. Leipzig, 1914.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Alois Senefelder's Biography and the Life and Times of Alois Senefelder.
It also includes a catalogue of the music lithography collection assembled by the late London music antiquarian, Hermann Baron, now at the University of Reading, whose roughly twelve hundred items chronologically emphasize the first fifty years following Alois Senefelder's invention of the process just before 1800, and geographically tell of the proliferation across Europe.
Currier & Ives pictures were printed by a method called "lithography" that had been created in 1798 by German actor and playwright, Alois Senefelder (1771-1834).