Alois Senefelder


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Alois Senefelder
Birthday
BirthplacePrague
Died
NationalityGerman

Senefelder, Alois

 

Born Nov. 6, 1771, in Prague; died Feb. 26, 1834, in Munich. German inventor of polygraphic techniques.

In 1796, Senefelder established the possibility of producing forms of relief printing by chemical treatment of limestone. In 1798 he developed lithography, a method of flat-bed (plane) printing. He subsequently designed a lithographic printing press, published the Complete Guide to Lithography (1818), and produced a lithographic reproduction from an oil painting on canvas (1833).

REFERENCES

Popov, V. V. Obshchii kurs poligrafii, 6th ed. Moscow, 1964.
Wagner, C. Alois Senefelder: Sein Leben und Wirken. Leipzig, 1914.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Alois Senefelder's Biography and the Life and Times of Alois Senefelder.
It also includes a catalogue of the music lithography collection assembled by the late London music antiquarian, Hermann Baron, now at the University of Reading, whose roughly twelve hundred items chronologically emphasize the first fifty years following Alois Senefelder's invention of the process just before 1800, and geographically tell of the proliferation across Europe.
Currier & Ives pictures were printed by a method called "lithography" that had been created in 1798 by German actor and playwright, Alois Senefelder (1771-1834).