alpha cell

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Related to Alpha cells: insulin, Beta cells, Delta cells

alpha cell

[′al·fə ‚sel]
(histology)
Any of the acidophilic chromophiles in the anterior lobe of the adenohypophysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The current method f producing beta cells leads to cells that resemble alpha cells a little too much.
Inhibition of the glucose transporter SGLT2 with dapagliflozin in pancreatic alpha cells triggers glucagon secretion.
has developed a synthetic molecule that is capable of stimulating growth and proliferation of pancreatic beta and alpha cell populations.
This latter finding is likely a consequence of GLP-1--based therapies' suppression of the release of glucagon by alpha cells, since decreasing the availability or action of the hormone glucagon has been shown in a variety of prior studies to induce a proliferation of pancreatic alpha cells.
Alpha cells on the other hand, were flat or disc shaped with compressed nuclei and rather homogenous cytoplasm (Fig.
Also, it has been noted in the past that the hyperglucagonemia that results when the alpha cells overproduce glucagon has led to pancreas tumors in animal studies, so that's a risk," said Dr.
Glucagon is synthesised in the alpha cells of the pancreas, in response to low PGC.
Alpha cells in the pancreas can spontaneously transform into insulin-producing beta cells, researchers report online April 4 in Nature.
0012), and a ratio of insulin-producing beta cells to glucagon-producing alpha cells which was 29% higher than in diabetic controls (p=0.
People without diabetes can control blood glucose levels so tightly because we have both beta and alpha cells working on it.