ANTIHYPERTENSIVES: A group of medications, originally used as antihypertensives, are the alpha-agonists
clonidine (Catapres), and guanfacine (Tenex).
Samantha and her family have worked with a mental health counselor, and her pediatrician also has started her on pharmacotherapy with a stimulant medication and an alpha-agonist
. Despite some gains, significant difficulties remain.
For children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 81% of psychiatrists prescribed an alpha-agonist
such as clonidine, compared with 67% who prescribed an alpha-agonist
for mental retardation/developmental delay (MR/DD) and autism spectrum disorders, 40% who prescribed a drug in this class for anxiety disorders, and 31% who prescribed it for mood disorders.