alpha cell

(redirected from Alpha-cell)
Also found in: Medical.

alpha cell

[′al·fə ‚sel]
(histology)
Any of the acidophilic chromophiles in the anterior lobe of the adenohypophysis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
A glucagon secreting alpha-cell carcinoma of the pancreas.
Drug analysis based on mechanism (alpha-cell secretion, alpha-cell mass decline, kidney protection, insulin sensitizers, Triglyceride lowering, weight loss ?-cell mass increase, ?-cell mass decline, ?-cell protection & ?-cell regeneration).
This alpha-cell expansion has been associated with the development of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
Glucogenic syndrome is a dermatosis associated with alpha-cell tumor of the pancreas.
In addition to th e insulin abnormalities, a relative glucagon excess and a pancreatic alpha-cell dysfunction have been demonstrated (Unger 1978).
Functional and structural adaptations in the pancreatic alpha-cell and changes in glucagon signaling during protein malnutrition.
reported the nonbeta islet endocrine cell remodeling in diabetic NOD mice: that study suggested that infiltrating immune cells may restrict alpha-cell expansion in NOD mouse islet in the diabetic state [36].
This prompted a CT scan, which revealed a distinct mass that appeared to be a pancreatic alpha-cell glucagon-secreting tumor, or glucagonoma.